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Disadvantages Of Adhd

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurocognitive behavioral developmental disorder that affects about 5% of adults and is characterized by hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. Individuals with ADHD have severe impairments in the social, academic, and health domains. Most ADHD research focuses on individuals with ADHD-Combined type (ADHD-C) and features predominantly male samples; limited research exists on the Inattentive type (ADHD-I). More recently, Haack, Villodas, McBurnett, Hinshaw, and Pfiffner (2016) examined potential pathways between inattentive symptom severity and positive and negative parenting practices, and functional impairment (i.e., academic, school, home) in a sample of children with ADHD-I. To expand…show more content…
Firstly, the researchers failed to operationalize their functional impairment domains (i.e., social, home, academic impairment) of interest, which would have added clarification and narrowed down their topic of interest. The authors could have referred to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – 5th edition to operationalize their impairment criteria. Throughout the introduction, the researchers use the terms ADHD symptoms and inattentive symptom severity interchangeably, which generates confusion among readers, especially in reference to previous…show more content…
waves). Nevertheless, this design made it particularly susceptible for participant attrition. Initially, the study sample was socioeconomically diverse and was comprised of 228 girls (140 girls with ADHD and 80 comparison girls) aged 6-12 years. The researchers omitted a subgroup, which was more likely to be of minority ethnicity, and have a lower household income and IQ. This omission decreased external validity and provided a restricted range for generalizability. Nevertheless, the extensive diagnostic screening process ensured valid participant data. The study’s inclusion criteria allowed for common comorbidities (e.g., oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder), which presents the issue of a potential third variable influencing the
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