However one beaker received 100 mL of Deionized water with a molarity of 0.0. Afterwards a cork borer was pushed through the potato and was twisted back and forth. Once the borer was filled it was removed from the potato. Pushing the potato cylinder out of the borer, this this step was repeated six more times in order to get seven undamaged potato cylinders. Using a sharp razor blade, the potato cylinders were both cut to a uniform length of about 5cm, and were removed of their potato skins. The potato pieces were also cut in half to give the cells a greater surface area in which it was easier to absorb the solution. After the cylinders were weighed on a balance and the data was recorded in Table 4. Using the razor blade each potato was cut lengthwise into two long halves. Then the potato pieces were transferred to the water beaker and the time they were submerged was recorded. This step was repeated for all potato cylinders in which the pieces were placed in solutions 0.1 to 0.6 M. The potatoes were incubated for ninety minutes. At the end of the incubation period the time was recorded. Then the potato piece was removed form the first sample. Next potato pieces were weighed the and the final weight was recorded in Table 4. This procedure was repeated until all samples had been weighed and recorded in the chronological order they were initially placed in the test solution. Afterwards the table was completed by recording the
In the observing osmosis lab, the hypothesis read that the grape in the tap solution will gain the most mass, while the grape in the salt solution will lose the most mass is partially refuted. The hypothesis is partially refuted since the part that was correct was that the grape in the salt solution will shrink, because the starting mass of the grape was 10.81g and the fruit was very round with one big brown spot, when the grape was taken out, it was flat and misshapen with a few brown spots, and the ending mass was 9.81g which means it shrunk by 1g. The part that was refuted or incorrect was that the grape in the tap solution will gain the most mass, this grape’s starting mass was 9.00g and it looked large with multiple brown spots, the ending mass was 10.24g and the grape looked small and cracked. Although the tap water grape did gain mass, it didn’t gain as much as the gape in the distilled water. The grape in the distilled water was smaller than the rest and very green in the beginning and had a mass of 7.77g, at the end, the fruit weighed 9.19g and was flat on one side with a few dots on the grape’s surface. Therefore, the distilled
Introduction: Alka-seltzer contains three active ingredients, aspirin, sodium hydrogen carbonate and citric acid. It is used for headaches, migraines, and cold and flu symptoms. Alka-Seltzer is usually taken when dissolved in a glass of water. When placed in water a series of chemical reactions result into Sodium citrate and Sodium acetylsalicylate. The sodium citrate would act as the antacid for stomach pains, and the sodium acetylsalicylate would act as the pain reliever.
The moment an Alka-Seltzer tablet hits water, it begins to fizz. These tablets are over-the-counter antacids and pain relief medications that contain aspirin, sodium bicarbonate, and citric acid. The fizzing is a result of a reaction occurring where carbon dioxide (in the form of bubbles), water, and sodium acetate is formed. The fizzing and carbon dioxide bubbles are a result of the sodium bicarbonate splitting and reacting with the citric acid. In this experiment we are determining the percent by mass of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) in Alka-Seltzer tablets and exploring the relationship between amounts of reactants and products.
The following experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of concentration on a potato core. The experiment was done see whether or not the concentration in the NaCl solution would effect the mass of a piece of potato core, the experiment briefly showed that each concentration of NaCl decreased the mass of the piece of potato.
The same thing basically occurred when we were measuring the grams of sugar to put into the solution. Hence, if added too much sugar but maybe somewhat of the correct amount of water, the mass would decrease as solution would be hypertonic to the cell. Also, if we added too little sugar still with the correct amount of water the mass would increase because the solution would be hypotonic to the
In class, we did the carrot lab to demonstrate the movement of water going into and out of cells. Before we did this experiment, we made hypotheses. I hypothesized that the carrot soaked in fresh water would lose mass and shrink because just like your finger-tips after a bath, they become shriveled. I also thought the carrot soaked in salt water would gain mass because I thought the salt water would move into the carrot, creating the mass to be greater. After all, my hypotheses were wrong. After soaking the carrot in fresh water and salt water for 24 hours, we found that the mass of the carrot soaked in fresh water increased by 6.3% and the mass of the carrot soaked in salt water decreased by 0.5%. This is because of osmosis. Osmosis is when
The independent variable of this experiment were the different types of the solutions used, while the dependent variable was the mass of the cucumber slices. The constants were, the amount of liquid used and the time the cucumbers were left in the solution. While the control was the cucumber left in the cup with no solution. The students made a hypothesis saying that they believe that the cucumber slices put into the salt solution would decrease in mass while the cucumber put in the distilled water would increase in mass. In the end, the results of the experiment supported the students
Osmosis is a natural occurrence constantly happening within the cells of all living things. For osmosis to occur, water molecules must move across a semipermeable membrane from an area of low concentration to an are of high concentration. In order to understand osmosis, people must understand the different types of concentrations that can be present within solution. One of them is an Isotonic solution where the concentration of dissolved particles is equal to that of a cell’s. Another is a hypertonic solution where there is a higher concentration of dissolved particles then inside the cell. And lastly there is a hypotonic solution where there are less dissolved particles than inside the cell. As dissolved particles move to a region of lower concentration, water moves the opposite direction as a result of there being less water in the highly concentrated region. In this experiment, gummy bears were placed in salt water, sugar water, and tap water to find the measure of osmosis between the solution and gummy bear.
Osmosis is the passive movement of water from an area of low solute concentration to an area of high solute concentration, normally across a membrane which prevents the movement of solvent. This is a process by which materials may move into, out of, or within cells. Osmosis doesn’t depend on energy provided by living organisms but is affected by the properties of the cell membrane. The rate of osmosis is dependent on such factors as temperature, pressure, molecular properties such as size and mass, and the concentration gradient. In osmosis, the relationship between a solute’s concentration outside of cell and inside of a cell is described in terms of the tonicity of the solution outside of the cell. A cell is in a hypotonic solution when the solute is more concentrated inside the cell and therefore water moves into the cell. In this solution the cell swells as water enters, this may continue until it ruptures or hemolyzes. In the reverse condition, the cell is in a hypertonic solution
In the Chemistry of Natural Waters Lab we were to collect a sample of water, ranging from a fountain, stream, bottle, or tap water. After we collected the samples we all did many tests to see what the hardness was for each one. Water hardness is determined by the amount of Calcium and Magnesium in the water.(2) Water that has more Calcium or Magnesium is considered to be harder than water with less of those two elements. When you use soap and detergent, this is where you see water hardness coming into play in everyday life when you are washing things.
The aim of this experiment was to test the effect of surface area on osmosis and the effect of solute concentration on osmosis. To test this aim to hypotheses were devised. 1) If potato pieces are immersed in various salt solutions, then the pieces with the greatest surface area to volume ratio will experience the greatest weight change, because more water can move by osmosis across the potato cell’s semi permeable membrane. 2) If potato pieces are immersed in various salt solutions, then the pieces immersed in the most concentrated solution will experience he greatest weight change,
The results supported the hypothesis that the osmotic potential of potato would be somewhere that intermediates between a dilute solution and concentrated solution. When the change in mass of the potato
Van’t Hoff’s Law suggests that the osmotic potential of a cell is proportional to the concentration of solute particles in a solution. The purpose of this experiment was to determine if there are any differences between the osmolalities, the no-weight-changes of osmolalities, and the water potentials of potato cores in different solutions of different solutes. The percent weight change of the potato cores was calculated through a “change in weight” method. The potato core’s weight was measured before and after they were put into different concentrations of a solute for 1.5 hours. In our experiment, there were no significant differences from the osmotic potentials of our results and the osmotic potentials of other scientists work. Ending with chi square values of 2.17 and 2.71, and p values of 0.256 and 0.337, concluding that there is no difference in water potentials of potato cores in different solutions of different solutes at varying concentrations.
In this lab we are going to discovery how osmosis works using a semi-impermeable membrane a potato slice. Osmosis is known as the movement of water in and out of a cell. To understand how this works we must understand two terms. Hypotonic means the environment has less solutes compared to the inside of the cell. Hypertonic means that the environment has more solutes compared to the inside of the cell. With osmosis water will always move from hypotonic too hypertonic. So the question is will water move into the potato or out of the potato? Will these results change when placed in different morality of salt water? To calculate these results, we will measure the mass of potatoes cut into equal sizes then soak these potato slices in different morality of NaCl for thirty minutes and measure the mass change in each potato slice.