Drosophila Melanogaster Or Fruit Fly

1292 Words Oct 26th, 2015 6 Pages
Q1:
Drosophila melanogaster or fruit fly in general terms, was one of the earliest organisms that were used for genetics analysis by scientists. The reasons behind the use of this species are due to its small size, short generation time and the ability of females to lay a lot of eggs. Since Drosophila melanogaster has been studied in 1900, this have brought a large contribution to genetic studies and particularly used as model organisms in the Human Genome Project. In recent years, the whole genome of Drosophila melanogaster was sequenced and this bring innovations for scientists for deeper genetic analysis1. This helps another experiment which was conducted following the aforementioned study. The scientists studied the human disease-associated gene sequences in Drosophila melanogaster. They performed a systematic blast analysis of about 1000 human gene of diseases and associated mutant alleles against the complete genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster. This analysis significantly helps promote interaction between individuals and Drosophila melanogaster research scientists and accelerate the understanding of the pathogenesis of human genetic diseases2. The previous example shows that Drosophila melanogaster is helpful in investigating on human genetic diseases, so an experiment was done by Drosophila melanogaster serves as a model of the well-known Parkinson’s disease3. By identifying the mutant gene, the model recapitulates the necessary features of human disorder and…
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