Drug Reform Policy Essays

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Drug Policy Reform

Eric L. Morton

Urban Policy/UST 458

Cleveland State University

Abstract

In the United States the prison population has increased from 300,000 in 1972 to 2.2 million

people today. One in 31 adults in the United States is in jail, prison, on probation or parole.

The American government currently spends over 68 billion dollars a year on incarceration.

Drug Policy and the incarceration of low-level drug offenders is the primary cause of mass

incarceration in the United States. Forty percent of drug arrests are for simple possession of

marijuana. Growing evidence indicates that drug treatment and counseling
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These interest groups are activity involved in the legislature process (on the national level) seeking to roll back the excesses of the drug war, block new, harmful initiatives, and promote sensible drug policy reforms (the Obama administration’s Office of National Drug Control Policy [ONDCP], also supports this approach). Grassroots organizations such as Drug Sense, and Stop the Drug
War, are movements that inform citizens and encourage involvement in drug policy reform. In Ohio, The Ohio General Assembly is the state’s legislative body. The General assembly consists of two Houses, the 99-member Ohio House of Representatives, and the 33-member
Ohio Senate. The Criminal Justice Committee is a committee in The Ohio Senate that focuses on bills, policies and issues that directly impact criminal law. This committee is composed of ten members, three Democratic (Joe Schiavoni, Tom Sawyer, Shirley A. Smith), and seven
Republicans (John Eklund [chair], Bill Seitz, Jim Hughes, Frank LaRose, Peggy Lehner, Larry
Obhof, Tim Schaffer). The Criminal Justice Committee works collaboratively with law enforcement and the legal community on policies that will protect Ohioans. Drug abuse and addiction have no single cause. Drug abuse causes vary greatly,
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