Educational Benefits And Suitability Of The Classroom

791 WordsMay 17, 20174 Pages
Among four instructional design models presented in this module, please select two and discuss the educational benefits/suitability of those two models for your teaching. “The debate about instruction largely hinges on how students learn and what degree of structure and support they need to acquire important skills and knowledge.” according to Archer, L.A, & Hughes, C.A. (2011) Hence, the purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast two instructional models, namely Project Based Learning (PBL) and Explicit Instruction (EI) and discuss the educational benefits/suitability of these two models to the teaching of mathematics in high school. What are the main objectives or learning outcomes this particular instructional design model aim…show more content…
They will achieve this by spending an extended period of time in groups investigating and finding the necessary information required to effectively answer the challenging issue or problem. So though both models seek to assist students to learn and engage in their learning the processes/steps in which they will engage in to achieve this outcome differ immensely. Does this instructional design model provide clear directions for teachers to select, structure, and sequence learning activities? Explicit Instruction does indeed provide clear directions for teachers to select, structure, and sequence learning activities as illustrated by the range of instructional behaviours that characterise an explicit approach to teaching students Researchers such as Swanson (1995) have identified a set of steps that teachers need to concentrate on so that genuine explicit teaching takes place. These include: 1. Focus instruction on critical content. 2. Sequence skills logically 3. Break down complex skills and strategies into smaller instructional units. mastered, units are synthesized (i.e., practiced as a whole). 4. Design organised and focused lessons. 5. Begin lessons with a clear statement of the lesson’s goals and your expectations. 6. Review prior skills and knowledge before beginning instruction 7. Provide step-by-step demonstrations. 8. Use
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