Effects Of Diabetes Mellitus On The Body And Its Functioning

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Diabetes Age, percentages brief explanation symptoms Risk and environmental factors, different types rate per…. graphs and tables explain the figures, reasons for increases and decreases Diabetes mellitus is an inherited and/or acquired endocrine metabolic disease distinguished by high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) which occurs as a result of insufficient insulin levels and/or resistance to its actions in the body. It is diagnosed by determining the fasting or random blood-glucose concentration and sometimes by the oral glucose tolerance test. In connection, insulin is a polypeptide hormone of complex structure found in the beta cells of the pancreas which is recognised for its important role in the regulation of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. It controls blood glucose levels. As such, a decrease in insulin levels causes an increase in glucose concentration in the blood which, ultimately, has a detrimental effect on the body and its functioning. Diabetes mellitus is the fourth most prominent disease causing death in the U.S. largely due to its diminishing of the cardiovascular system. More commonly referred to as type 1, IDDM is scarcer of the two types, present in only around 15% of all diabetics. Although it is not specific to one particular age group it is more often found in preadolescent children and stays with them throughout their lives. Its name derives from the dependence and necessity of insulin to maintain the functioning of the body and

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