Emotions Paper

1094 Words5 Pages
Emotions Paper The presence of emotion on human lives is a combination of many events, from our natural biological constructs, to our environment and how that aided our development. Emotions play a pivotal role as to how we act towards motivation. Two intrinsically different historical theories arise which illustrate polar views on the source of human emotion. One being James-Lange’s theory where physiological symptoms trigger emotional response, and the second being Cannon’s theory where both physiological and emotional response occur at the same time. Two research methods include word association, how language can label human emotions, and evolutionary theory that is based on the idea that emotions aided early human survival.…show more content…
The facial feedback hypothesis (FFH) theorizes that the facial muscles have the ability to express emotion, control subjective experiences, and initiate emotions. Tomkins (1962) proposed that “different subcortical affect programs reacted to stimuli and thereby controlled a fast and automatic activation of relevant muscles and organs” (Dimberg, & Söderkvist, 2011, pg. 18). Feedback from physical responses to the brain prompted different emotions, including the feedback from the facial muscles. Using the fMRI, scientists established that facial feedback modifies neural activity in the amygdala region. Interestingly, they found that patients who have received Botox treatment, therefore having reducing their facial muscle activity, showed a decrease in the activation of the amygdala and central circuitries of emotion (Dimberg, & Söderkvist, 2011). In the event-appraisal-emotion sequence, there are some four common assumptions. First, different appraisals of identical events have the ability to induce different emotions. Second, different events can induce the same emotion. Third, the involuntary unfolding of emotion is provoked by the outcome of the appraisal process. Lastly, appraisal can occur both above and below the individual’s level of awareness. From these assumptions, it was hypothesized that the emotion unfolds in the form of affect, physiological responses,
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