Employment and Labour The federal government and the governments of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan have each enacted legislation regarding minimum employment standards, pay equity, occupational health and safety, workers ' compensation and labour relations. Applicability of federal or provincial employment laws depends on whether an employer operates in a provincially or federally regulated industry. Most industries are regulated by the province in which the business is located. However, certain industries, such as airlines, railways and banking, are federally regulated. While provincial and federal employment legislation is similar, they may vary in substantially. Minimum Employment Standards Employment standards legislation of the federal government and each of the governments of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan provide for specific workplace standards with which employers must comply, including: • minimum vacation time; • rights to pregnancy leave; • minimum notice of termination; • severance pay; • minimum wage rates • maximum hours of work; and • compulsory public holidays. These legislative standards provide a baseline that employers and employees cannot contract out of. A provision of an employment contract that provides for less generous treatment than that provided by applicable employment standards legislation will be unenforceable. The common law may entitle employees to more generous treatment than that provided under applicable
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One of the most pressing issues faced by Canada today is unemployment. In fact, reports confirm that the jobless rate continues to increase every year. As of February this year, the unemployment rate was at 7.0%. The presence of unemployment rate is evident in various provinces. In Quebec, the number of people working declined by 26,000 in February. Alternately, the number of employed in British Columbia fell by 10,000; while Saskatchewan nearly 6,000 individuals are unable to find jobs. The Conference Board of Canada projected that the country’s labour woes could reach to more than one million workers by 2020. In addition to this, experts predict that the unemployment rate in this country will surpass that of the United States. Along with the dismal figures and projections, the problem of unemployment consequently creates numerous negative consequences on the nation’s economy, its government, and of course its people. Some of the known effects of unemployment include reduced spending power, an increase in financial cost, recession, and even crimes and violence. Individually, long-term unemployment may result to depression, loss of self-respect, and strained relationships with family and friends – ultimately causing damage to the person’s overall well-being. The adverse effects of unemployment only show that this issue imposes a significant cost both on a national and individual level. As such, it is of primary importance to create an immediate plan of action to alleviate
The Act also requires employees not to interfere with or misuse anything provided to protect their health, safety or welfare in compliance with the Act.
PC 1003 played an important role in the history of the Canadian Labor. The codes of the order-in-council PC 1003 created many arguments among many historians. Order-in-council PC 1003 came into effect on 17 February 1944. It was introduced during the Second World War in Canada by the Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King. PC 1003 was also known by the Wartime Labor Relations Order. The codes of the Order-in-council PC 1003 protected the worker’s right to collectively bargain, represent and organize the unions chosen by a majority of the workers. This order-in-council PC 1003 covered both the federal and the provisional employees. This emergency law was extended by two years after the Second World War to bring peacetime in the Canadian
formal policies and procedures and agreed ways of working; these are bound by contracts of employment and have codes of
These apply to all Work environments. . Labour law covers the deal between employee and employer. Health and safety laws cover the work conditions, and minimum wage and other laws set basic compensation levels
Employee skills and the ability of employers to attract and retain skilled workers will be a primary concern to Canada’s economy in the immediate future. A train overflowing with crisis is approaching, and we need to stop listening for it to come because it’s already bearing down on us. Labour and skill shortages in Canada can be attributed to: aging population, increased life expectancy, migration of highly skilled labour, and the disparity between the skills possessed by youth and the skills demanded by employers.
Consideration for economic context is essential for work and learning. Companies, such as public, not for profit, privately operated/owned etc., have the ability to move unaccounted for resources across borders, attain cheap labour by outsourcing and create off-shore accounts to avoid taxes all of which impact work and learning. The Canadian economy is one derived of many variables. Employers creating workplaces by outsourcing their labour, moving resources that are unaccounted for or by creating accounts to avoid taxes are in business to have the lowest expenses and the most profit. These employers are prepared to do what it takes at whatever cost. The community in which I live consisted of several factories. These factories operated for many years employing many people in this community. Over the last 15 years most of these factories shut down and relocated to various other countries, obtaining cheap labour and new ways of distribution, leaving
It is known that Canada will be faced with a labour shortage by 2030 and there are quite a few reasons behind this issue. The aging of the baby-boom generation is limiting the labour force growth and to make things worse, there are low fertility rates. Lower birth rates and the aging population indicate that there will be an issue filling these labour gaps. The baby boomers are retiring and there are not enough youth to take over their positions in the labour force. Due to the retiring of these workers, careers such as air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors will face this shortage. These labour shortages will continue to become more severe as the number of retirees grow and the number of youth decline. Another contributing
Besides a relatively non-competitive business environment, Canada?s labour force also lacks the competitive mindset. Structural employment remains high, which is partly due to the existence of social assistance and unemployment insurance systems. Work incentives are low under the protection of the employment insurance program, which indirectly contributes in a higher than the desirable unemployment rate. Furthermore, unions and other similar groups do not promote many incentives for workers to stay competitive in the workplace by continuously learning and improving productivity. Countries that have been most successful in cutting unemployment are those that have improved
Employment or labor laws have been developed to facilitate smooth relationship between employers and employees. Employment laws provide rules and regulations that should govern both the employer and the employees in their places of work. Employment laws discuss issues related to child labor, wages and salaries, retirement, working conditions, compensations, incentives and employment benefits among others. The major objective is to ensure the employer does not exploit the employee and on the other hand, the employee honors the terms and conditions of the job as presented by the employer.
The purpose of Employment Law is to provide legal protection to employees and employers. Employment Law is set up to ensure legal guidelines and standards are met with recruiting, working standards, pay and allowances and the disciplinary process. It is also aimed at protecting a person’s Equality and Human Rights such as