IB Language Arts 1A
8 August 2015
Endurance: Shackleton’s Incredible Voyage, by Alfred Lansing: Text Analysis Journal
2. Teasing Titillation
3. Continuous Optimism, albeit Adversities
Paragraph One In Endurance: Shackleton’s Incredible Voyage, by Alfred Lansing, the paragraph beginning with “And so November…” on page 87, in Part 2, Chapter 5 clearly portrays one of the themes present throughout the novel: Adaptability/Endurance. This theme, and therefore this paragraph, is important to the novel as the ability for the men to adapt to the harsh conditions they face as well as their ability to endure these conditions is the key factor in their survival. One literary technique evidently used by Lansing in the paragraph is symbolism, specifically of the ice. The ice symbolizes the driving force for the men to adapt, as living on the ice floe requires changes in order to stay alive. Lansing says that the men “…had been for the ice for just a month” (87). As the men are on the ice, they are forced to change the way they live in ways such as how they prepare food, how they gather warmth, how they sleep, how they work, and much more. Not only does the ice symbolize adaptability in this manner, but it symbolizes the high ability of adaptation that the men possess, as they are able to adapt to the new living conditions, which leads to them being able to survive quite a while on multiple floes. This is ability of adaptation is
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A. Bad evaluation of circumstances and stubbornness instead of perseverance. Shackleton was ready to depart to Antarctica however; just when he was at South Georgia, local seamen warned him that he might get trapped and advised him to wait until next year. At this point he had the opportunity to make a decision and wait, but due to the compromises reached with his sponsors and the conditions in Britain getting in WWI he took a risk to go forth and as a result, underestimate the situation. This I can consider to be the main crisis.
In order to put an image in our mind of how harsh this time was the author of this poem uses imagery. He pays attention to the detail and writes “Through the lone night until the last snow-flake/has dropped from heaven upon the earth’s white breast”(McKay 9-10). This gives us a more detailed description of their struggle.
“Death hardly needed their help. The cold was conscientiously doing it’s work.”(pg.92) This is a metaphor because it’s saying that doesn't need the guards to kill the people that the cold would do it for the people, basically saying that people would freeze up to death. The effect would be that the people would die either way from the lack of water and food as well as feared and coldness and sometimes people can't take it anymore and people just fall and die without someone killing the person.
In Endurance Shackleton's Incredible Voyage, Alfred Lansing recounts the tale of one of the greatest successes of the Twentieth Century. Ironically, Lansing's detailed account of the 1915 Trans-Antarctic Expedition illuminates the stark reality that Sir Ernest Shackleton's expedition did not fulfill its goal. In fact, the expedition never even set foot upon the continent that they had intended to cross. The outstanding success of that motley crew of adventurers was in their ability to endure the harsh Antarctic climate. Despite having their ship crushed by an ice cap, spending the dark Antarctic winter hopelessly alone, suffering through a stormy voyage in
Endurance is a novel that explains the giant failure of a trans-Antarctic expedition. The entire operation was led by bold and brave man by the name of Sir Ernest Shackleton. The purpose of the expedition was to attempt to cross the Antarctic continent in the year 1914. It was an outrageous and at some points, a hopeless struggle for survival for Shackleton and his crew. He had a crew of twenty-eight strong and noble men, which were resilient and determined on this journey, of about two years. The book’s title, Endurance, is also the ship Shackleton and his crew used on the expedition. The ship was unfortunately crushed by the ice very early in the men’s journey, leaving them stranded on drifting ice, for about a year, but that was just the beginning.
When you hear the names Lewis and Clark, you think of the legendary people who first discovered the midwest, but they did more than that. They opened the door to infinite possibilities and are responsible for the world as we know it today. This paper will be discussing what challenges they faced and how it impacted the United States. Lewis and Clark faced many challenges on their expedition, including bad weather, possible animal attacks and encounters with Indians, but in the end, Lewis and Clark were able to map out much of the west and the Pacific Ocean area and even discovered new animals and plants.
Without the expedition of Lewis and Clark, the American history that people know would be completely different changing the accomplishments in history. The background and experience Lewis and Clark already developed prior to the expedition would be very beneficial and help make the journey easier. The development of the mission played a key part in the expedition itself because if the development did not play out exactly how Jefferson planned, then the expedition may not have been as successful. A big part of history, the expedition was very significant and impacted American society in ways that no one will ever be able to understand. Although the expedition of Lewis and Clark would be a very long journey, the United States would not have developed into such a prosperous country without the two men who traveled across the terrain in rain and snow in order to improve the United States.
(STATE THESIS) When it comes to the leading their respective teams, Ernest Shackleton and Reinhard Heydrich’s approaches to leadership could not be more contradictory. This is not to say that their differences make either of them a good or misleader. Each individual demonstrated qualities that would classify him in either category. However, it is ultimately the intentions of the leader and the presence of or complete disregard for humanity that categorizes each man where he falls.
For an exemplary leader, what is one of the highest compliments that you could ever receive? Sir Ernest Shackleton was a British explorer who–after failing to reach the Southern Pole first–wanted to be the first to ever accomplish a trans–Antarctic expedition. On October 27th, 1915 Shackleton’s boat–the Endurance–was crushed by the pressure of the melting Antarctic ice; leaving Shackleton and his crew stranded in the Antarctic. On August 30th, 1916 after a treacherous one and a half years of living in the Antarctic and surrounding islands, Shackleton and his crew were rescued following an unimaginable story of survival. The qualities of leadership Shackleton exhibited that resulted in the survival of him and his crew were, having certain
Ernest Shackleton, a man with heart, vision and a dream. He had all the skill for success; yet never achieve the fame and fortune he desired. Looking over his life, his character and his experiences give us an insight to who he really was. I will show that he had the skills necessary to be consider one of the great leaders of his time.
The topic of this leadership case study is Ernest Shackleton. This paper will identify the development of Shackleton's leadership skills, provide examples and reflections of his abilities, and relate how he played an essential role in one of history's greatest survival stories. This study of Shackleton's leadership is set loosely within the framework of the five practices of exemplary leadership set forth in The Leadership Challenge by Kouzes and Posner, and will focus on the benefits produced by his management of team morale and unity (13).
1. Ernest Shackleton, acting as captain of the Endurance, demonstrated incredible leadership. There were several elements. The first is that he provided inspiration, even during difficult times. The crew faced numerous challenges while it was trapped in the ice, and on Elephant Island. During these challenges, Shackleton was able to provide inspirational leadership that kept the spirits of the crew member up. This was important, because negative morale in a life or death situation usually means death. So Shackleton's ability to provide positive morale was critical to the survival of him and his crew.
In "To Build a Fire," a mysterious man, referred to as "the man" (Rhodes 1) in many literary critiques, must survive a hump over the frozen tundra of the Klondike, and with him he takes his husky. The two characters act as foils to each other, each experiencing the same situations as the other, but it is their responses to the situations that show the difference between the two. For example, both the husky and the man break through the ice and got their paws/feet wet: "Suddenly it (the husky) broke through the water that clung to it turned to ice" (London 500) and then later " the man broke through (the ice)" (London 501-502). It is the husky, however, that proved more adept to coping with the freezing climate of the North, especially after having gotten wet in a freezing creek. Because of this innate ability of the husky, he survived the ordeal whereas the man died of hypothermia after his fire, which was meant to dry out his foot, was snuffed out by the Northern snow. "It was as though he had heard his own sentence of death. For a moment he sat there and stared at the spot where the fire had been" (London 503). It is this symbol of survival that is perhaps the most characteristic and recurring theme in London's writings, known as Spencerism.
In what context should the Endurance expedition be analyzed? As a scientific endeavor? An entrepreneurial venture? An exercise in imperial opportunity? By what criteria should the expedition be evaluated? Given your answer to the preceding question, was it a success or a failure?