Epidemiology And Control Of Hiv / Aids

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Epidemiology and Control of HIV/AID in Nigeria

Ifedolapo Aderibigbe


Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) remains a major problem affecting all strata of life both in Nigeria and in other parts of the world. Nigeria which harbors a greater number of people living with HIV than some other country on the planet, next to South Africa and India. HIV/AIDS is the third driving reason for death in Nigeria. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) the first instance of HIV/AIDS was accounted for in 1986. A sentinel review directed by WHO information demonstrated that the HIV pervasiveness expanded from 1.2% in 1991 to 5.8% in 2001. After 2003 the pervasiveness declined to 4.4% in 2005 preceding somewhat expanding to 4.6% in 2008. Pattern examination of HIV pervasiveness from sentinel reconnaissance in Nigeria demonstrates that the plague has stopped and is hinting at balancing out at around 4% from 2005 to date.

Another National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey (NARHS) were led in 2012, with a national predominance of 3.4%. There was a slight decrease from the past appraisals of 2007, which was 3.6%. The general national predominance likewise veils a few subtleties and varieties in Nigeria 's scourge at the sub-national (state) levels and among populace bunches. The 2012 NARHS HIV predominance was most elevated among those matured 35 to 39 (4.4%), and least among the 15-19-age bunch (2.9%). The
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