Erikson 's Stages Of Development And Child Directed Speech

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The first two years of a child’s life is filled with adventure and learning. Throughout this time period they will learn to sit up, crawl, walk, talk, amongst many more things. Their psychological development and interactions with their social environment change along with their forms of communication as they mature and learn; all of which can be seen and explained in Erikson’s stages of development and child-directed speech.
According to Erik Erikson, a developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst, from birth to 1 year of age, children psychosocially go through the stage of Trust vs. Mistrust. At this stage infants either trust they will be taken care of in their basic needs such as physical contact, cleanliness, nourishment, and warmth or “develop mistrust about the care of others” (Berger, pg. 24, 2014). In observation one (infant), it was clear that the child trusted his parents, however, it was especially displayed with his mother. The child’s biggest display of trust was when he fell as he ran towards the playground. He laid there, trusting that his mother would come to his aid and provide his basic needs. She picked him up, wiped his hands and body, kissed his hands, his face and his stomach. This instantly brought his crying to an end, he then leaned into his mother as she kissed his head. In the moment his mother picked him up his needs were met -physical contact, warmth, and cleanliness. By doing the actions that she did, his mother was showing and promoting

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