Athletics have been an integral part of society. Most likely, everyone grew up favoring and engaging in certain sports. Overtime, each individual likely developed an injury related to his or her sport or witnessed professional athlete injuries. Therefore, we try to avoid injuries by taking precautious measures such as, stretching, strengthening certain muscle groups that are utilized in sport, and even managing recovery. Two common methods of athlete recovery are cold water immersion and contrast water therapy are analyzed and compared in a systematic review and meta-analysis by Higgins, Greene, and Baker. A systematic review and meta-analysis infers that the authors summarized other published research (empirical data) that met specific …show more content…
Additionally, more elaboration on why creatine kinase was the most focused on biochemical marker over others would help readers to understand human physiology and changes that occur after applying stressors. While it is known that creatine kinase is an enzyme that leaks out of damaged muscle and is present in the blood stream, more clarity on reporting could lend insight to further treatment success evidence.2 Thereby this study could improve on meeting intellectual standards of clarity.
Second, accuracy is an important intellectual standard that gains the trust of readers by presenting data that is free from errors and presents as true.1 Since this article is a systematic review and meta-analysis, we (as readers) can always refer to the twenty-three referenced articles that were used to gather the empirical data for verification purposes. The data presented in this study appears to be accurately represented, thereby meeting the accuracy intellectual standard. For instance, when reading the biochemical markers section, we read about creatine kinase being the main biochemical marker that indicates the effectiveness of each therapy technique. Higgins et al. has included a figure (figure 10) that displays a forest plot for cold water immersion vs. control in measures of creatine kinase, which lists data from referenced studies.3 Lastly, if we wanted to replicate the study for even further validation of accuracy, we would follow the specific
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Creatine is a very controversial supplement on the market today. Many endorse the uses of creatine, but others are skeptical about the advantage a person receives from taking it and the dangers one inherits as a result of creatine consumption. The debate remains due to the short amount of time that creatine has been available. People base their opinions on preliminary studies that have been done but no one knows the long-term effects of creatine on the body. Many take the risk without vast knowledge, but others still remain skeptical based on preliminary evidence that discourages the intake of creatine.
Tendonitis, concussions, shin splints, torn ACL’s, pulled groin muscles, sprained ankles, dislocations, and torn rotator cuffs are just a some of the many injuries you can receive while participating in any type of sport. Many athletes’ injuries start small, and escalate depending on how hard and how often the person works. This leaves two of the biggest decisions for injured athletes. One, knowing when to stop before they hurt themselves more. Two, deciding when to get come back. Even after surgeries, physical therapy, and time off, these can be two of the hardest decisions an athlete can make after being injured.
Sports has always been a huge part of my life. I would be the one team player who took the sports season a little bit too seriously. I was the number 1 doubles player on my school's JV tennis team. Unfortunately, I fractured my ankle during my junior year and wasn't able to play with my team. I was devastated, but I didn’t allow myself to become disconnected from my team. I became the team manager to allow myself to still play a role in my team, despite my injury. I would record scores to my division leaders and take pictures to post on the website I created for my team. After the season was over, my doctor told me my ankles required surgery to become fully healed. I knew that meant I couldn’t continue to play tennis, but I didn’t want to give
Injury is a serious public health issue. Injuries differ by their nature and severity. Injuries can be unintentional or intentional. Unintentional injuries include road traffic injuries, falls, burns, drowning, poisoning, and intentional injuries include self-inflicted injuries, interpersonal violence, and war-related injuries [1,2,3]. Globally, injury causes over five million deaths per year [1,2,3]. Injury cases result in more deaths than HIV-AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined (3.8 million) [1,3,4]. Nonfatal injuries represent a large proportion of the injury burden and deaths represent a small proportion . Most injuries result in significant psychological trauma, potentially life-long disability, and subsequent financial loss .
Overtraining occurs because of an imbalance between a Physical load placed on an athlete and their coping capacity. One of the reasons why athletes may over train is because of their parents/coaches that can push them to sports and wanting them to be good. They want their child to earn a college scholarship and push them to their limits. Working harder and never taking a break, because "someone else is working around the clock to be the best", is the most warped and tired mentality that coaches and parents feed young people…The problem is a lack of education and knowledge of our own bodies. The reality is that only a select number of athletes earn scholarships every year. It is a mentality now that these athlete need to playing all year and
Choosing a vocation can be a daunting task. With the world ever-evolving, one may come across a new attractive career every year. In order to ensure optimal job satisfaction, it is vital to educate oneself about every alluring prospect prior to committing. Simple factors like the time commitment and salary can mean the difference between a content existence and a miserable one.
Creatine (Cr) is a popular dietary supplement used by athletes to increase sports performance, muscle mass, and strength. Creatine was first discovered in “1835, when a French scientist reported finding this constituent of meat” (Demant & Rhodes, 1999). This organic compound is manufactured endogenously by the liver and kidneys “from the amino acids glycine, arginine and methionine” for energy stipulation during muscular contraction. (Arazi, Rahmaninia, Hoseini, & Asadi, 2011). Creatine is either converted into free form Cr or phosphorylated form as known as creatine phosphate (CP). The endogenous production and exogenous consumption of Cr yields about 1 gram a day for the average person (Cooper, Naclerio, Allfrove , & Jimenez, 2012). In
They measured muscular strength and anaerobic performance in trained athletes. 17 physically, active young men were selected for the study and the creatine group had 8 people and the placebo group had 9 people with average age of 23 and 26, respectively. The creatine group took 20 grams a day over the course of 4 servings and the placebo group received a carbohydrate mixture and both groups took it before meals. They trained on day 1 and 4, which included exercises that the whole body. They measured anaerobic power on a 30 second Wingate test, max bench press and squat, took blood and urine samples, and measured height, weight, and body fat. Using an ANOVA with repeated measures across time, the results demonstrated that there was an increase in anaerobic force (12%) and back squat quality (11%) when contrasted with the placebo group. With more creatine in the body than with the control group and the creatine group had lower body fat but more body weight because of increased muscle mass. Proper training and creatine led to power and force increases for these athletes, which is helpful to a running back in improving power, speed, and game
From a very early age sports are introduced upon both young boys and girls. Although it begins with sportsmanship and teamwork, it begins to evolve into new objectives when these young athletes enter high school. In fact, high school sports are vastly different. Your mind is trained to obliterate the opponent and win at all costs. This mentality can often lead many young athletes to turn to supplements to assist in muscle building. The most common supplement in use currently is Creatine. While athletic departments and sports nutrition stores claim that it is harmless, why do so many high school athletes end up with severe muscular and pulmonary damage? The answer has yet to be clearly
In his poem “To an Athlete Dying Young”, A.E. Housman makes a quite different approach on death. People have different perspectives on death, but more often than not, it is viewed as an undesirable event that people wish to avoid. The speaker in the poem, however, praises a young and famous athlete for dying before he became old and forgotten. This can be interpreted two very different ways. One can assume Housman believes that the only way for athletes to capture the glory is to die when at the peak of their careers. One might criticize him for having such a pessimistic view of life, but we must realize that we are among many people who give those athletes the feeling of disgrace as they are no
Even with all of the scientifically proven benefits of supplementing creatine, there is still false information floating around trying to convince uneducated users that creatine is bad for you. The theory behind this is that the drug and medicine companies don’t want people to supplement with something that will prevent injuries because then they miss out. Studies claiming to link muscle building supplements with testicular cancer were very poorly controlled and the guidelines were vague which results in the data seeming
Today in sports athletes endure many mental and physical obstacles from there competitive environment. Many of today's best athletes work with sports psychologists to help them handle the pressures found in this competitive atmosphere. One question that athletes ask is, why cant they play in big games as well as they anticipate themselves doing? Sports psychologists feel that spending all their time on body conditioning and athletic skills will not ensure that athletes reach their peak performance.
What is a sports physical therapist? A sports physical therapist is a physical therapist who specializes in the field of sports medicine. This type of therapist is qualified to work with patients who have suffered debilitating injuries from sporting events (Thyberg). Sports physical therapists work with a number of patients with problems ranging from muscle pains to sports injuries. Their work doesn’t consist of only working with injured patients; sports physical therapists must come up with care plans, fill out paper work, and check in with their patient’s doctors for status updates. There are several components that make up the job of a sports physical therapist.