Wednesday September 13, a cold and ominous fog was present in Strasbourg, a mood antithetical to the mood in the European Parliament. A mood that had been missing for many years, a sense of optimism and hope. As President of the European Commission this new sense of optimism for the European project gave this year’s State of the European Union address a weight that had not been seen in too long. It is no secret that in 2016 Europe was battered and bruised to its very foundation. The forces trying to destroy the EU seemed unstoppable but it is said that times of extreme crisis bring about the greatest change because people are most persuaded to act swiftly and decisively. For the EU in 2016 there was no shortage of crises, whether it be …show more content…
As soon as the citizenry was better off economically in addition to being better informed, Anti-EU sentiment began to drop in the polls. The first test of EU sentiment was in the Dutch elections. Most polling showed Geert Wilders and his party were going to be the largest party in the Dutch parliament. However, just a few days from the election he suddenly dropped in the polls, and as the votes started to come in an unexpected image was emerging. Not only did Geert Wilders do poorly but Pro-EU parties, such as Groen Links, did amazingly well. This result showed that the fight against Anti-EU nationals was a fight that could be won. The final and most pertinent test for the EU before my SOTEU address was the French elections. A Marie Le Pen victory could destroy the Franco-German relationship at the center of the European Union. Instead, the French people choose to rally behind the most Pro-EU candidate in the history of European politics, Emmanuel Macron. With Macron’s crushing victory over Marie Le Pen the strategic advantage in the war was now firmly on the side of the pro europeans.
With the wind now back in Europe’s sails, I was able to walk into, the palpably excited, European Parliament with confidence. The new path for Europe could now be laid out, a seismic shift in European policy, a path of further integration, a path that all EU citizens will benefit from. Every breath I spoke had the weight of positivity behind it. No longer
Europe now, for the first time in modern history, is a partnership sharing common values and a commitment to harmony and cooperation. The dream of European integration, shared by the United States, is now being realized, leaving behind us the wasteful era of wars, hostility, and inequalities. We are on the road to a Europe enjoying a unity and
Part of the exceptional nature of the EU stems from the notion that nothing like it has ever been attempted successfully before. The European Union is an international institution with a single market and shared currency. It strives to maintain singular goals and make its way towards being an “ever closer union”. Today, the European Union has expanded to include twenty-eight member countries with an influence that reaches every continent. This institution has had an impressive history, but it has reached a point of concern. The golden years which held high hopes of a united supranational Union are long over. The EU faces destructive problems today, which could ultimately end their impressive era of cooperation. The Union has come
The European Union was created on the notion of peace and prosperity. But has it really lived up to its promise? Tensions are brewing. Maybe it’s time to leave the EU once and for all. The EU originated after the Second World War, with only a few countries within it, but it has grown over many years and now has twenty-eight different countries. They share a national anthem that binds them through the power of music. The EU now presents more disadvantages than advantages, the countries participating have their cultural diversity being limited, their own countries laws are being superseded by those of the EU, and their economy’s are too dependent on one another.
The European Union (EU), since the initial foundation in 1952 as the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and throughout periods of development, has been considered one of the most advanced forms of regional integration. It, based on numerous treaties and resolutions, has strived to promote values such as peace, cooperation or democracy, and in 2012 was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for having “contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe” (Nobel Media AB, 2012). Despite its struggle for promoting democracy, the EU itself has long experienced scholarly criticisms that it suffers the democratic deficit, from which its democratic legitimacy is undermined by observable problems in
The future of the United Kingdom has never been so uncertain. The British Prime Minister, David Cameron, is keeping the promise he made in 2015, to hold a referendum on whether or not the United Kingdom should remain a member of the European Union. The referendum will take hold on Thursday, 23rd of June of this year. But the results of the last opinion poll held on April 12th to 14th, show, that the British public is fairly evenly split, as 40% want to remain in the European Union and 39% want to leave. The members of the United Kingdom Independence party and other British keen to leave the Union, argue that the UK and its policy makers are being held back and manipulated by the EU, who make too many rules for business, immigration laws and charges billions of pounds a year in membership fees for little in return and undermining the British interests. However, the UK’s investment in the membership and acceptance of rules of the EU, gives the UK far more benefits by allowing it to grow academically, economically and ensures safety for all its citizens and is therefore better off staying a member of this peacemaking Union.
The end of the Cold War meant change around the world, mainly in Europe. We have since seen the unification of Germany, the work of unity within other countries and possibly a balance of power. Our relations with other nations may have continued to develop or diminish but the Cold War had changed Europe’s future. Many had questioned what role the EU would have in international politics, whether the formation would succeed and what this meant for the transatlantic relationship? The US and EU relationship is a complicated one. The EU has always been seen as a loyal ally of the US but it has also been seen as one of the US’s many competitors. Witnessing the relationship change
Alternatives such as the European Union, which remains “…the most successful experiment in political institution-building since the Second World War.” Andrew Moravcsik goes on to say the EU cannot replace or aspire to the democratic status of nation states, yet their role remains embedded in monitoring accountability and extensive checks and balances upon its member states. Emerging actors such as the EU again demonstrate the changing environment and clearly indicate realist theories, must by reconsidered.
This essay will summarize the Lisbon Treaty and the governmental and democratic consequences it will have on the EU decision making. It intends to state that Europe has the wish to change and actively tries to do so and partly succeeding, but failing to do so entirely. The treaty has been a victory for Europe over the euro skeptics, but unfortunately will not be able to push Europe much further to the place it
Compared to many national and sub-national legislatures, the European Parliament has a relatively low profile. In the past, some scholars of the European Union judged it to be less important than other governing institutions of the Union. However, since the mid 1980’s the European Parliament has undergone many substantial changes, probably more than any other major European Union body. The Parliament’s
We can’t forget that the EU is the world 's largest borderless marketplace, made up of 500 million consumers. Economic openness is the glue that fixes the EU together and the solution to the crisis of European competitiveness.
With all the good that has come from the European Union, it is tragic that during the creation they miscalculated crucial economic laws that will ultimately bring about the undoing of the European Union in
While walking into class on November 25th, Czech Republic was very optimistic. Optimistic in the hopes myself and the other nations within the European Union, would be able to successfully go through the pressing issues, and hopefully resolve some of them. However, leaving at the end of class I realized, that the EU was going to need some more time. Going into the debates on the second day I was still optimistic that something would get done. Again however that was not the case. Numerous talks were addressed but nothing finalized. Leading to the sad truth that on the third and final day we all would have to buckle down and actual get something accomplished. However, on the last day again we all addressed the issue but nothing was able to
When it was first founded in 1958, the European Union (EU) was a small organization of only six countries and was referred to as the European Economic Union. Created in the aftermath of World War II, they believed it’s first steps should be to foster economic cooperation between countries using the idea that “countries that trade with one another become economically interdependent and so more likely to avoid conflict.” Today, it has evolved into an organization, which includes 28 members, that spans across a variety of policy areas including health, environment, and external relations and security. The EU is based on the rule of law which states “everything it does is founded on treaties, voluntarily and democratically agreed by its member countries.” It is governed by the principle of a representative democracy. Citizens are directly represented at Union level in the European Parliament and Member States are represented in the European Council and the Council of the EU. Since the European Union’s founding over fifty years ago, there have been many changes and issues that have both positively and negatively impacted its existence. The most recent issues include persistent tension, economic depression, the rise of anti-EU, and a lack of leadership.
In recent years the European Union has began taking a new shape, positioning itself as a major competitor in the global market. With economies becoming increasingly integrated and globalization creating a new playing field for trade, new strategies have been necessary to grow with and beyond other world markets. Some of these strategies have included monetary unification, decentralization, enlargement, welfare reform, and social convergence. In the following essay I will address of these strategies and convey my thoughts and concerns surrounding them.
Habermas argues that an EU with increased political skills, among other things can be the solution to ensure efficient welfare services, and, ultimately, to promote international peace (Habermas 2006: 43) (Habermas 2012: 20) (Habermas, 1998: 317) (Habermas 2005a : 210) (Habermas 2005b: 261).