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Essay on Exploring Autism

Decent Essays
Exploring Autism Autism was first described by Leo Kanner in 1943 and is known to affect 1 in 500 Americans with boys being four times more likely to have autism than girls. Although the focus of research is on children, there are many adults who are living with autism. Research on Autism is relatively new, as in the past those with autism were grouped into the broad category of mental retardation. Autism falls under the category of Pervasive…show more content…
An individual with autism has behaviors that appear overactive or overly passive. There may be a temper tantrum thrown for no apparent reason, the individual may seem obsessed with a single item, activity, or person. Autistic individuals can be aggressive to themselves or others, and often has difficulty with changes in a normal routine. When play is considered, the person often has a lack of spontaneous or imaginative play, does not engage in pretend play, and often does not initiate play with others. This indicates the impaired social interaction that is a characteristic of autism. It is common for someone with autism to spend more time alone than with others, show very little interest in making friends, or even interacting with other people. The autistic individual is extremely less responsive to social cues and often does not make eye contact or smile. Communication plays a significant part in social interaction, and is another area in which someone with autism experiences impairment. In a young child with autism, language development is slow, or not at all. It is common for an autistic individual to use gestures instead of words or when using words, they fail to attach meaning to them. Short attention span is characteristic of an autistic person. Another area in
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