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Extracurricular Activities And Children With Intellectual And Specific Learning Disabilities

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In the article entitled Extracurricular activities and the development of social skills in children with intellectual and specific learning disabilities the authors begin to explain why children with intellectual and specific learning disabilities social skills are absent. According to Brooks, Floyd, Robins, and Chan, “participation in social activities is positively related to children’s social adjustment, but little is known about the benefits of activity participation for children with intellectual and specific disabilities” (2015, p. 678). Children typically become aware of how to interact with other children through Albert Bandura’s social learning theory. Bandura’s theory is a behavioral worldview that emphasizes that people learn by…show more content…
680). The Second hypothesis states that “given their greater need for improving social competence, we predicted that participation in out-of-school activities would have a greater impact on predicting social competence for children with intellectual disability or a specific learning disability than for an age-matched typically developing comparison group” (Brooks, Floyd, Robins, and Chan, 2015, p. 680). Families living in the southeastern USA in rural and urban communities were taken from public schools for testing. The sample consisted of 117 students, 75 boys and 42 girls, between the ages of eight and eleven years old. The mean age of the sample was 9.44 and the standard deviation was 1.05. The students were categorized into three different groups, the learning disability, intellectual disability, and the typically developing students. The learning disability group contains 53 students who are enrolled in services for specific learning disability and school Individual Education Programs. The intellectual disability group contained 40 students who’s IQ scores were between 40 and 70. The typically developing group consisted of 24 students who show no signs of intellectual disability, psycho-emotional disorder, specific learning disabilities or physical disorder. Children with siblings who have disorders and children enrolled in higher education courses were excluded from the study. The families who were involved in this study
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