Factors That Facilitate Adult Development And Change Essay

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In considering major factors that facilitate adult development and change, it is helpful to conceive of an overarching assumption about learning: it is best achieved through collaboration and dialogue with other professionals. This assumption holds that “adults have enough life experience to be in dialogue with any teacher, about any subject, and will learn new knowledge or attitudes or skills best in relation to that life experience” (Knowles, 1970, as cited in Vella, 1994 book, p. 3). This dialogue, in turn, must be characterized by a mutual recognition of the psychological and sociocultural aspects of learning that affect individuals. Bee (Bee, 1996, as cited by Baumgartner & Merriam, 2000) suggests that these aspects include the psychological components of intelligence and personality, as well as the sociocultural components of race, ethnicity, gender, social class, and education. In promoting effective learning and successful change, we must develop supports for these factors and understand that each element will exert varying degrees of influence, depending on the individual. Adult learning is a fluid process, further complicated by issues such as current life stage, health, and the perception of self within the constructs of culture, family values, and recently, a disintegrating global economy. These conditions affect development, learning, and change in varying ways and degrees. Adult learning and transformation is a lifelong process, as each person is a

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