History Of Tate And Museum Of Modern Art

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History of Tate Modern began in 1992, when Tate foundation started to look for a new place to exhibit and store modern art. Tate didn 't have a possibility to fulfill the repository of British art and repositary of international modern art in the gallery in Millbank- Tate Britain. Goal was to match the Centre Pompidou in Paris and Museum of Modern Art in New York. In 1994, Tate foundation found the place- abandoned in 1981 Bankside station, which was closed from due to big oil prices and economical changes. Previously Tate Modern buiding was a Bankside Power station, coal-fired electricity plant from 1895 and oil-fired station from 1952. Building was under danger of demolishing. In 1993 contractors made a large hole in the of the building. In July 1994 Tate foundation launched an international competition to design modern art museum in former Bankside station site. 148 architecture practices took part in that competition. Six practices were choosen to the shortlist. The shortlist is: -OMA -David Chipperfield architects -Renzo Piano building workshop -Tadao Ando Architect and Associates -Herzog and de Meuron -Jose Rafael Moneo Arquitecto Next year, in January 1995 , Herzog and de Meuron became winners of the competition. Jury were interested and impressed by proposal simplicity. Architect and competition. After the competition winning ,Herzog and de Meuron signed the contract with Tate foundation. Here the architect job begins. The main project responsibility usually
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