The recapturing of major population centers such Ramadi, Iraq in December or 2015, Mosul, Iraq in July 2017 and ISIS’ self-declared capital Raqqa, Syria in October 2017 has not ended the coalition’s efforts against ISIS. It has merely ended major military operations against urban centers and shifted the war back into counter-insurgency operations. The Undersecretary of Defense, Comptroller, David L. Norquist stated that the “war against ISIS is not over; and it’s not over in Syria. And although we are shifting our forces and the mission is changing, it’s also really important that we ensure that ISIS doesn’t rise again.” The greatest challenge to coalition success in OIR is making progress in removing the instability which enabled the …show more content…
Re-establishing security in former ISIS territories, many of which according to Maj. Gen. Qassim al-Mohammadi, the commander of western Anbar province operations, have been out of Iraqi forces reach for 14 years . Additional coalition ground forces will be necessary to provide order to the newly re-acquired territories. Forward operation bases need to be established to provide physical security to a logistics and command center. Protecting the Coalition forces, civilian support, and support contractors in the region. Physical security will be quickly addressed by Coalition forces rapidly moving into the captured city centers and conducting defensive countermeasure operations. Many insurgents fled theirs urban centers after the fighting ended . These cities have sustained damage due to years of neglect during ISIS rule and during operations to capture the city. Secretary Jim Mattis stated on November 16th, 2017 that the removal of rubble, removal of IEDs, the establishment of a supply of clean water and electricity where vital to coalition efforts because Syria refugees are returning to Syria at a rapid pace, many who have been gone for a whole generation . Defensive perimeters need to be established control the flow of people and goods from the city. Critical civil infrastructure needs to be evaluated and rebuilt. Future insurgent attacks could focus on the power, water, and food supplies vice taking direct
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During ISIS’s rise to power, there have been several key players, which have influenced the growth or decline of its movement. The center of Gravity (COG) for ISIS has been its ability to recruit volunteer foreign fighters from around to engage in its caliphate. In addition, local people from Iraqi, Syrian, and other Nations have been key players because of ISIS’s efforts promote fear and violence against their family or communities. Sunnis and Shia countries focused on regional power and security. Furthermore, the U.S. and its 70 Allies through Operation Inherent Resolve Campaign aim to defeat ISIS and promoting regional stability. The last key players are rival terrorist franchises or organizations like AQ, Taliban, Al Shabaab, and Hamas
Iraq sit in a lot of deconstructed areas. After the war the US and UN are working hard on getting the reconstruction of the area strated. The major concern about iraq is the funds to rebuild after the war. A woman by the name of Lisa Grande states within the article “We worry that if we don't move in this direction, and move quickly, the progress being made against ISIL may be undermined or lost,”. The U.S is pushing for the reconstruction with Iraq and all of the cities that were damaged during the war. The expected funds in which ha seek amounts up to about $400 million dollars. Officials over in Iraq say “ We're not going to bomb
To understand this subject and cover all the aspects of it, we need to look to every simple and small details very carefully to find out what strategy will help us to win the war. Also, what make this effort success. It’s the view of administration on this war, can we end this endless war? When President Obama took the office, he wants to end this war. Changing the rule to more transparency, more ethical, and counterterrorism policies nimbler (Jessica Stern 2015-62). Since US army, military forces, agencies, and coalition forces left Iraq. There was a big gap in power, authority, and civil war going on. However, this wasn’t something new, it was going for ears but in small scale. Once US left Iraq in December 2011. That leaded to free movement of terrorist groups and fighter in middle east, especially Iraq and Syria. The military action is the cure for this vacuum now. “When the IS advance was stalled by coalition air strikes later this summer, IS militants and equipment melted into urban landscapes, operated at night, and distributed their forces into smaller tactical units, while limiting unsecure cell phone and radio communications. They deployed mines and improvised explosive devices to deny mobility and frustrate counter-offensives by Iraqi and Kurdish forces in Tikrit and Jalawla. Mines proved an especially effective means to passively control key areas because they are not vulnerable to airstrikes. Removal requires time-consuming and dangerous clearance techniques
It 's actual that the kind of war being pursued in Iraq and Syria at this moment is distinctive, yet it 's not clear that the impacts will be. Both Iraq and Syria are crushed by war, common and something else, and if ISIS is steered from the region there are no solid governments to move in and restore request. The Iraqi government is a
Everyday innocent people are dying for no reason. A rising terrorist group called Isis is responsible for this and they need to be stopped.A group called Isis has been active since 1999 but most recently has seen a huge growth. So far little has been to stop them and it is time to do more about it. I’m not talking about more air strikes it is time to step up our game and send ground troops to defeat these monster once and for all. Isis is responsible for many death and many horrific terrorist attacks. According to a CNN poll 68% say America's military response to the terrorist group thus far has not been aggressive enough. In this paper we will look at that America thinks it time to send ground troops, how people don't think Obama doing enough, and finally all the harm Isis is doing.The U.S need to send ground troops to fight Isis.
General Petraeus spent years developing an understanding of the Iraqi situation and counterinsurgency doctrine and he framed the coalition’s problem in military terms. Coalition forces must defeat the insurgency and secure the operations center of gravity, the Iraqi people, to shape conditions for political reconciliation. The MNF-I Commander recognized that ethnosectarian violence was the root cause of insecurity preventing political reconciliation and the future of Iraq depended upon resolving conflict through political discourse not armed conflict. General Petraeus’ concluded that MNF-I needed more forces to secure the populace, demonstrate American commitment and foster an environment of political reconciliation.
Coalition ground forces will be available to execute a hammer-anvil operation (secure Iraq’s western border then eliminate resistance using coordinated air-land assault)
US Central Command’s (CENTCOM) lack of understanding the operational environment led to a poor definition of the problem. The key to understanding the operational environment is the ability to describe the current and desired operational environment. (JPiii8). CENTCOM’s planning did reflect a good understanding of the current operational environment. CENTCOM understood the influences Iraq’s current political structure
The Republican’s 2006 loss of both congressional houses was a clear rebuke of President Bush’s war strategy. Political loses motivated the President to abandon compliance with normal civil-military theory, replace Secretary Rumsfeld and assume direct control over strategic decision-making. These actions produced clear and concise strategic direction that was previously lacking. President Bush announced the change to his war strategy less than month before General Petraeus’ assumption of MNF-I Command. The new direction established security of the Iraqi people and political reconciliation as the prerequisite for victory (ends) and provided surge forces (means) to achieve the objectives. The new strategic direction coupled with General Petraeus’ new counterinsurgency doctrine (ways) finally reconciled the ends, ways and means imbalance of the previous
On April 18, 2016, in Iraq, President Obama sent 10,000 troops along with several Apache attack helicopters. One reason president Obama sent troops to Bagdad, Iraq is because he wanted to show a series of measurements that will broaden the US military campaign against extremist groups. He hopes by the end of the year that the troops will take control of Mosul, an area in Iraq occupied by ISIS. A military official went to the UAE to offer them these Apache helicopters. The UAE declined this offer because they wanted the operation to be stealthy and be in small units. So all of the helicopters stations there were flown back into U.S. territory. The pentagon is happy that the UAE at least took the troops because now the U.S. government has more
Action at this time is being done with Congressional approval as President Obama recognized that Congressional approval would heighten his power. Military personnel already in Iraq are to be used in advisory positions only. While this has helped Iraqi forces, ISIL is still gaining territory and growing in members. New action needs to be taken to improve the situation in Iraq and surrounding countries while eliminating ISIL.
AFRICOM is has a major role in Operation Inherent Resolve, yet AFRICOM deals with the most complex mission in the Department of Defense. The Islamic State affiliates in Libya and Boko Haram in Nigeria have been connected with the extremists in Syria and Iraq for a number of years , yet AFRICOM only has one permanent location in Djibouti to carry out its mission. AFRICOM must be provided with additional permanent locations, and must turn the established “cold bases” only used in emergencies into permanent locations that assist with this massive intelligence undertaking. This intelligence gathering must focus on the illicit revenues from oil smuggling, degrading training and logistics facilities which are the biggest
To defeat ISIS, the president needs to dispatch more aircraft, military advisors, and special operations forces, while loosening the restrictions under which they operate. And although President Obama may not need to send U.S. ground combat forces
To that the the Iraqi military also need troops from the western-powers after the war to stabilize the new government. This shows that there is more to the war than just the military fighting. Just like after World War II in Germany: The whole hierarchy in the country needs to be broken down and reorganized.