Intensive Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapy ( Istdp ) Developed By Habib Davanloo

760 WordsMar 7, 20164 Pages
Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP) developed by Habib Davanloo was based on Freud’s second theory of anxiety (Della Selva, 1996). Freud’s theory suggests that anxiety is a “danger signal to the ego, warming of the occurrence of trauma” (Malan & Della Selva, 2012, p. 10). Freud defined trauma as “separation from or loss of, a loved object or a loss of it love” (Freud, 1926, p.151). According to Davanloo, “danger” is any feeling, impulse, or action that could threaten an attachment bond, usually with a caretaker (Malan & Della Selva, 2012). Essentially, any feeling, impulse, or action that results in separation from a loved one is experienced as threatening. As a result, the threat evokes anxiety in an individual and is consequently avoided. This gives rise to intrapsychic conflict between expressive and repressive forces within the psychic (Malan & Della Selva, 2012). Client’s symptoms are considered to be a compromise between the competing need to express the feeling and to defend against it. Symptoms and defenses keep the anxiety, and the feelings out of awareness. This theory utility the Triangle of Conflict and the Triangle of Person to conceptualize clients presenting concern (see figure 1). The Triangle of Conflict developed by Menninger in 1958 operationalized the notion of intrapsychic conflict in which impulses and feelings, defense, and anxiety each occupy one of the three corners (Della Selva, 1996). At the bottom of the triangle are the core

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