Introduction The great American scholar, William Foxwell Albright was an American Biblical

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Introduction The great American scholar, William Foxwell Albright was an American Biblical archaeologist, and is considered to by many to be the “father of Biblical archaeology,” because of his contributions to the archaeological historicity of the Bible. “More than any other scholar Albright’s astounding corpus of books, articles, and public lectures defined a new relationship between archaeology and Biblical studies.” Professor Albright “introduced critical assessment of the historical context of scripture, instead of merely teaching it as Gospel, and his work helped establish the Bible’s value in historical studies.” Rachel Hallote wrote of Albright by stating,
“It is hard to think about the early years of American biblical
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Despite the disproval of his detractors, Albright’s success has been acknowledged throughout the archaeological world and his work lives on with “The W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research (AIAR) in Jerusalem is the oldest American research center for ancient Near Eastern studies in the Middle East. It was renamed in 1970 after its most distinguished director, William Foxwell Albright.” This research paper will discuss the person, contributions, criticisms and legacy of William Foxwell Albright, an acknowledged founder of biblical archaeology.
The Person William Foxwell Albright was born to Methodist missionary parents in Coquimbo, Chile on May 24, 1891. He married Dr. Ruth Norton and they had four sons. He died at Eighty years old, in Baltimore, Maryland on September 19, 1971 after suffering a stroke. Throughout his life, he was a leading scholar who in 1916 earned his Ph.D. in Semitic Languages from John Hopkins University. After a short time in the Army, in 191, he became a Thayer Fellow at ASOP, he served as a director from 1921-1929. Then in 1929 he became a professor at John Hopkins University from

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