Juvenile Delinquency is the participation of illegal behavior by a minor who falls under a statutory age limit. A delinquent is a minor who commits a crime or a status offense. A status offense is conduct that is illegal only because the child is under age i.e. smoking cigarettes (Senna 10, 20). The cases of Eric Smith, Lionel Tate, and an unidentified NJ child are similar only because, they are guilty of killing another child, but the Criminal Justice System treated and punished them very differently. In August 1993 in Savona, New York 13 year old Eric Smith killed 4 year old Derrick Robie. Smith lured Robie into the woods and strangled, beat with large rocks, and sodomized Robie. Smith was questioned by police and kept changing some …show more content…
If Tate had been tried as a juvenile he would have faced six to nine months in a juvenile facility, but as an adult he would face life without parole. The evidence was presented to the Grand Jury and they returned an indictment for first degree murder. Tate was offered a plea bargain for a guilty plea a few times, but his mother refused to accept it. Tate 's mother didn 't want to plead guilty because she believed her son that it was an accident. During the trial, the Tate 's defense tried to argue that the wrestling Tate watched on TV influenced him. The jury wasn 't convinced that it was an accident, because of the extent of Eunick 's injuries. Tate was convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to life in prison without parole. In December 2003 Tate 's conviction was thrown out by an appeals court, because Tate wasn 't given a mental competency evaluation before or during his trial. In January 2004 Tate pled guilty to second degree murder. Tate was released and sentenced to 10 years ' probation, and one year house arrest. Tate didn 't receive any mental health counseling at all. In September 2004 Tate was arrested for possession of a weapon a knife. Tate was sentenced to an additional five years ' probation and was warned that another violation would land him in prison. In May 2005 Tate was arrested and charged with one count armed burglary with battery,
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Delinquency can be defined as a youth person who has committed a crime or violated probation; others define a delinquent in terms of their actions, such as “immoral or vicious persons” (Bartollas & Schmalleger, 2013, p.8). Children are no longer considered a youth offender from ages 16-18 years old, persons under 18 years old are charged with a law violation then considered to be juveniles (Bartollas, 2013, p.8).
Juvenile delinquency continues to be a problem, a problem that endangers almost every American. Juvenile delinquency has the potential to considerably damage the health and well-being of families and communities. Therefore, there is a clear and urgent need for strategies and scientific study for understanding the nature, extent, and causes of law violations committed by juveniles as well as the construction of methods of control.
Through reading and research, it has become clear that incarceration does more harm than good for the those in the justice system. By being incarcerated, the inmate is being separated from family members, becomes socially distant from society, and has the influence of violent offenders. To house the inmate in a correctional center costs simnifically more than to treat the offender through probation. It is our God given duty to hold those accountable for their actions while providing them the tools and treatments needed to become who God intended them to be (Fischer 2016).
He was convicted for killing 32 year old Bed-Stay resident Christopher Tennison by shooting him in the chest and robbing him. The trial revealed that the incident happened
The problem with having a not reliable home is that it generates huge numbers of runaways that are easy targets for pimps; such runners engage themselves in sex activities in exchange for food, shelter or even are exploited by known company. In the United States, such victims are citizens, non-citizens, and most of the cases those children are labeled as prostitutes or juvenile delinquents, and the big problem is that they are treated as criminals rather than being identified and treated as trafficking victims. Thus, these victims should be placed on environments where they can receive protective services rather than being treated as criminals and delinquents. I believe that the law should protect those children in an effective way and reinforce
Juvenile Justice has been a work in progress from the beginning of the program because of the evolving mentality of the generations. The purpose of Juvenile Justice was to correct the behavior of the juvenile delinquents and rehabilitation through a probationary period monitored by an individual who paid for bail and periodically reported behavior changes to courts. (Mulligan 2009) We do justice to the youth offenders by understanding the history of Juvenile Justice restorative programs, the alternatives to incarceration, and how to help them amend their actions and behavior.
About 200,000 Men go to prison every year. One in three Black/ African American Men will be incarcerated. One in seventeen White, and one in six Latino. However five percent are innocent. About 20,000 men are in jail on a false conviction. Being proven not guilty can still however hurt chances of finding decent jobs once released from such punishment. My personal belief is all felons deserve second chances regardless of conviction. Yes, we can argue many places do hire felons regardless of their record. However, a minimum wage job doesn't cover much. For example, John Doe was convicted of sexual offenses at the age of 18 while having sexual relations with a 16 year old high school student. Only two years separated them, however being that mr. Doe is considered an adult, he was sentenced to five years in prison, because of believed racial discrimination hate the young girl's father had towards Mr. Doe. In texas alone, there has already been over 80,000 convicted sex offenders up until the month of April. Not even half way into the 2015 year. Did all those people actually commit assault, or could it by chance be another case of “turn up” going too far?
Juvenile delinquents experience family aggression and violence frequently which can lead to psychological issues of antisocial behavior. Violence within the home is the leading cause of injury to women with the shocking statistics of between 2 million and 4 million women are being battered in their homes yearly. This results in approximately 3.5 million children witnessing this type of violence in their homes. With so many children experiencing witnessing this chronic violence there are certain development effects it has on children, including; truncated moral development, pathological adaption to violence, and identification with the aggressor (McWhirter, 2013).
A number of research studies have established a positive correlation between family-oriented practices and lowering juvenile recidivism. Practices such as community involvement, training, mentoring, etc show mixed results. There is also a varying degree in the techniques employed in conducting the studies.
As juvenile crime increases over the years due to gang activity, bullying, etc. many offenders are given a life sentence without parole. There isn 't a clear boundary that marks at what age should they be treated as adults because the severity of their action always effects that. Should a 6-year-old be convicted with life in prison or should they let them go? Is a 16-year-old enough to be charged with murder like an adult would be? These are some things that cross people 's mind when it comes to this subject. When the real simple question. Is it correct to give a juvenile offender life in prison?
James Lehman, an author who dedicated his life to troubled juveniles once said, “I believe that the kids who are labeled “good” are children who know how to solve their problems and manage their behavior and social life, and the kids who are labeled “bad” are kids who don’t know how to solve those problems.” Every day, kids are committing illegal acts of varying severity. Some are involved in petty robberies, others involved in murders and rape. These juveniles become the responsibility of the juvenile justice system which is tasked with the duty of properly helping and punishing these kids. However, this is precisely the issue, do we punish these juvenile offenders? Or do we help rehabilitate them into law abiding citizens?
In conclusion to the study, the researchers found that majority of the participants agreed that juvenile offenders should get more lenient treatments, that juvenile delinquent is more likely to benefit from rehabilitation, and if incarcerated they are more liable to become criminals. According to the majority of Pennsylvanians, juvenile offenders should be treated differently from an adult and at least through most of their teenage years, they are candidates for reform. (Piquero, Cullen, Unnever, Piquero, & Gordon. 2010).
A traumatic childhood may predispose a child to violence against themselves or against others, in adolescence or adulthood. This information is and has been off the records, but so far no known relationship between the magnitude of traumatic experiences and different forms of violence at puberty. A study published in Pediatrics, which involved 136,549 U.S. students between 12 and 17 has been commissioned to evaluate this relationship. The researchers sought to determine six adverse experiences for which they had passed the boys in childhood and physical and sexual abuse, witnessing abuse or problems at home by alcohol or drugs taken by a relative. Then he saw the violent behavior at puberty: crime, harassment, bullying, dating violence,