Leadership Is An Integral Part Of Society

2096 Words Nov 6th, 2016 9 Pages
Leadership is an integral part of society, without leadership there would be chaos. Leadership calls for action in terms of guidance, decision-making, structure and control, these qualities are necessary and evident within organizations. After World War I organizations were finding it difficult to organize and operate efficiently. It was in this period Frederick Taylor’s Scientific Management framework took precedence in organizations. Taylor introduced a systematic, strategic and scientific method to aid organizations in recovering from the effects of the war, moving towards high levels of productivity, efficacy and efficiency.

Taylor’s principles highlighted the need for division of responsibility, a systematic and strategic way of choosing and training employees for specific roles, breaking down jobs into smaller tasks and extending to management the responsibility of setting objectives for the organization. Following Taylor was French industrialist, Henri Fayol who contributed the administrative structure of planning, coordinating, commanding, controlling and organizing. Within this defining period of the Industrial Revolution, management theories, literature contributions, and scientific inquiry began to advance. Various schools of thought became prominent in Europe, which trickled down to the West. The move for an industrialized world was taking form, creating structure, rules, and procedures to ensure continuity in these industries. Max Weber, a German sociologist…
Open Document