Marxist Theory And Its Impact On Society

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Introduction to sociology
Marxism believes that that society is based upon ‘conflicts of interest’. They believe that the most important conflict is between the Bourgeoisies and the Proletariats. The bourgeoisies are the capitalist class that own most of society’s means and productions. Whereas the proletariats are the working class people. Social class is used to explain how and why societies change. Class conflict is where change occurs through the opposition of the social classes as what they see to be collective interests in society. However, Marxism believes that the capitalism can only thrive on the mistreatment of the working class. The bourgeoisies are what Marxists believe dominate society as they are the ones that make the profit. Marxism believes that capitalism is not only an economic system but also a political system.

Marxist theory finds it difficult to explain the presence of certain phenomena (for example Kerry Katona has lots of money but is from a working class background).
It overlooks the idea that other factors may help to shape society.
Functionalist understand society in a different way. They believe that each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society’s stability and functioning as a whole. For example: children are sent to school on tax payer’s money that the working parents will pay. This then opens up for the child to get a good education and get a good job. They believe that instead of society being split into classes that

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