Minimum Availability Of Health Personnel Essay

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Member States acknowledged that achieving Universal Health not only requires policy efforts to ensure an appropriate density of human resources for health (HRH), but also need to focus on ensuring an even geographic and social distribution of HRH, offering better economic incentives and work conditions to retain HRH in remote and underserved areas and prevent transnational migration, reshaping education programs to fit the new models of care based on a stronger first level of care and integrated health service delivery networks, and improving quality and performance so that the health personnel meet the health needs of people and communities along their life cycle with an intersectoral, intramural and extramural approach. ,

3.1.1. Minimum availability of health personnel

The World Health Organization established a parameter of 25 health personnel per 10,000 population as the minimum availability of human resources required to achieve high coverage of essential public health interventions. In 2015, the region of the Americas ensured the minimum recommended availability of health personnel with an average of 70 physicians and nurses per 10,000 population and a total of 35 countries reaching the target of 25 doctors and nurses per 10,000 population (Figure 3.1.1). Nevertheless, figures varied widely across countries. Cuba had by far the highest number of physicians and nurses (around 158 per 10,000 population); followed by the United States, Canada, Cayman Islands and

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