Mobile technology is an imperative industry today and, perhaps, the one experiencing the most rapid change. Every aspect of ordinary life in developed countries depends on cell phones: the freedom to change social plans on a whim, relying on GPS (Global Positioning System) to navigate people to unfamiliar destinations, and most of all raising productivity expectations to a staggering standard. Its invention came about to serve specific communication purposes; the initial pioneers in this field underestimated the massive impact, good and bad, mobile technology would have on society leading into the 21st century.
In the 1940s, mobile technology revolved around transportation and served logistic purposes rather than accommodating…show more content… The next step in cellular technology development was expansion. Less populated countries, such as Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland got a head start in building a more effective telephone system than the U.S. could with such an overwhelming population. Sweden’s system proved to be the most practical of the entire European continent, providing mobile services for up to 20,000 people by 1981. This breakthrough innovation quickly gained ground and became a priority across the world. Just four years later, Cellnet (Telecom Securicor Cellular Radio Limited) and Vodaphone “launched national networks based on analogue technology and customers [began] using a mobile telephone the size of a brick” (Lacohee, Wakeford and Pearson).
A second generation of mobile phones, referred to as 2G, underwent development during the 1980s. During this time, marketing was mainly directed towards businessmen and businesswomen. The distinct difference between this generation of devices and the original lies in the addition of digital capabilities to the existing analog ones. Digital technology was pursued by technology companies because it showed great potential for improving voice quality over the phone and could facilitate the incorporation of data services in the near future. Bell Labs presented a completed design in 1981 that supported “digital speech, data transmission, adaptive modulation, and encryption” and accomplished “the feasibility of dual mode (analog