Motivation Factors in Dark Tourism

13274 Words Feb 20th, 2011 54 Pages
Motivation Factors in Dark Tourism
Case: House of Terror
LAHTI UNIVERSITY OF
APPLIED SCIENCES
The Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality
Degree Programme in Tourism and
Hospitality Management
Nature and Soft Adventure Tourism
Bachelor’s thesis
Spring 2010
Titta Niemelä Lahti University of Applied Sciences
Degree Programme in Tourism and Hospitality Management
NIEMELÄ, TITTA: Motivation Factors in Dark Tourism:
Case: House of Terror
Bachelor’s Thesis in Nature and Soft Adventure Tourism, 43 pages, 6 appendices
Spring 2010
ABSTRACT
Dark tourism is a multi-layered mixture of history and heritage, tourism and tragedies. Humanity has been interested in the end of life since the time of pilgrimages.
In contemporary society the
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After a natural disaster not only the close relatives of victims but also outsiders travel to the area. What kinds of factors motivate tourists to visit such places?
For part of the visitors of Auschwitz concentration camp the tour is very personal experience due to, for example, imprisoned family members but part of the visitors might attend the tour in order to see the pictures of history books with their own eyes. The number of attractions is increasing – purposely or unintentionally. After the tragedy of the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City (2001) there have been an uncountable number of visitors. Museums commemorating different tragedies and presenting significant events are founded and authentic sites are opened for public. Has the interest towards tragedies increased or is there just more to offer? What can even be shown?
The core of this thesis is to find out which factors motivate tourists to visit dark attractions and, especially, the House of Terror museum in Budapest, Hungary. In this study the museum will be introduced and the aim is to find out what a typical House of Terror visitor is. Tourist experiences in dark tourism, especially in the House of Terror, are also studied, but also a supply-oriented glance at the dark tourism industry is taken. Definitions of tourism with its subgroups and, more specifically, dark tourism will be presented in the theoretical context. Motivation theory of tourism will be
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