Need for an Heir

2108 WordsJan 31, 20188 Pages
The want and need for an heir can be a powerful desire and drive men to drastic measures. It was the reason behind the decision of King Henry VIII of England to pass the Act of supremacy in 1534, which declared and recognized that he the king, “was the only supreme head of the Church of England called Anglicana Ecclesia” (History of the Monarchy). After falling in love with Anne Boleyn and needing an heir, King Henry VIII wanted the Pope to annul his marriage with Catherine of Aragon on the basis that it had never been legal. However when the Pope refused to do so, King Henry VIII decided to curb the papal influence and power. He went forth, declaring the Church of England under his own rule and not the Pope’s, as well dismantling all of the catholic monasteries across England. Despite Catholicism being outlawed in England for over seventy years, Englishwomen still sought a monastic lifestyle; leading a sect of nuns called the Poor Clares to establish the first English monastic community in France. Between 1536 and 1541 King Henry VIII placed a set of administrative and legal processes that disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England, Wales and Ireland. During the Dissolution of Monasteries as this time period is known for, the throne took the income of these groups and disposed of their assets. In destroying the monastic system, King Henry VIII was able to force the Roman Catholic Church out of England and effectively suppressing his political
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