Overview : Diabetes Mellitus ( Dm )

2316 Words Apr 14th, 2015 10 Pages
Overview Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases where a person has high levels of blood sugar over a prolong period. According to estimation, in the year 2014 about 387 million people across the world were suffering from diabetes. In which about 90% of these group of individuals are suffering from Type-2 diabetes (Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes). Within the United States, Houston is the fourth largest city. There are approximately 2.1 million people living in Houston, amongst those people, among those people, 1 in 4 Houstonians are currently living with diabetes. By the year 2035, half a billion people will be diagnosed with diabetes (Home, 2015). As a community, we can make a difference in millions of lives by educating ourselves about diabetes, knowing the signs and symptoms and taking preventative measures regarding this disease.
What is Diabetes? It is important to understand that diabetes not a disease of the blood sugar, but it is a disorder in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, which the principle hormone that regulates the uptake of glucose from blood into most cells of the body such as: liver, muscles, and adipose tissues. Diabetes can also be caused when the cells of the body does not respond properly to the insulin produced (Basics About Diabetes).
Types of Diabetes There are mainly three types of diabetes mellitus:
1) Type 1 diabetes mellitus can occur when the body fails to…

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