Overview : Diabetes Mellitus ( Dm )

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Overview Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases where a person has high levels of blood sugar over a prolong period. According to estimation, in the year 2014 about 387 million people across the world were suffering from diabetes. In which about 90% of these group of individuals are suffering from Type-2 diabetes (Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes). Within the United States, Houston is the fourth largest city. There are approximately 2.1 million people living in Houston, amongst those people, among those people, 1 in 4 Houstonians are currently living with diabetes. By the year 2035, half a billion people will be diagnosed with diabetes (Home, 2015). As a community, we can make a difference in …show more content…

This is also referred to as “insulin dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.
2) Type 2 diabetes mellitus can occur when the cells fail to respond to insulin properly.
As the disease advances the lack of insulin may develop.
This is also known as (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”. The primary cause for this condition is excess body weight and a lack of exercising.
3) Gestational diabetes can occur in pregnant women who without previous history of diabetes develop a high blood sugar level during pregnancy.
History of Diabetes
Introducing Diabetes The disease was considered rare during the Roman Empire and Claudius Galen, a Greek physician, claimed to have seen only two cases during his career. Galen came up with the conclusion that the pancreas was to serve as a cushion to protect the large blood vessel lying behind it. Unfortunately, he was wrong. In 1852, D Moyse is said to be the first person to describe the histology of the pancreas (Howard, 2014). Physicians Sushruta and Charaka Samhita identified type 1 and type 3 diabetes as separate conditions. They also associated type 1 diabetes with the youth and type 2 diabetes with the obese (What is Diabetes Mellitus, 2012). Briton John Rolle coined the term mellitus in the late 1700s to separate the condition from diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mellitus (DM) results from a lack of or a resistance that leads to high blood glucose levels where diabetes insipidus

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