Person Centred Counselling

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The Use of Person Centred Counselling in Guidance and Counselling Practice in Schools I think that it is accurate to say that the 'first wave' of guidance counsellors who received their counselling training in Ireland did so based largely on the theory and philosophy of counselling formulated by Carl Ransom Rogers (1902 - 1987), considered, by many, to be the most influential psychologist in American history. A leader in the humanistic psychology movement of the 1960's through the 1980's: more than any other individual he was responsible for the spread of professional counselling and psychotherapy beyond psychiatry and psychoanalysis to all the helping professions. He was one of the helping professions most prolific writers,…show more content…
He consistently relegated to a secondary position matters such as the therapist's knowledge of theory and techniques. KEY CONCEPTS 1. The Actualising Tendency Just as plants have an innate tendency to grow from a seed towards their full potential Rogers believed the same to be true of people. This he called the 'actualising tendency'. For human beings, however, it means more than just growth and survival: rather it is the creative fulfillment of the personality and the reduction in, or satisfaction of, physical and psychological needs. This strong drive continues throughout life as we move towards the fulfillment of all that it is possible for us to achieve and become. None of us ever lives long enough to know our full potential. We are always in a state of 'being and becoming'. Rogers believed that the 'actualising tendency' is the only motive needed to account for all our behaviour, whether to fill an empty stomach, to produce children or to become independent and happy. 2. The Organismic Valuing Process In order to satisfy the actualising tendency, we need to know what is of value to that growth. This ability to weigh up and to value experiences positively/negatively is the 'organismic valuing process'. All humanistic psychologists tend to focus on the whole person rather than isolating different processes such as behaviour, thoughts or feelings. If we listen to
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