Preparedness Of Emergency Management Preparedness

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Preparedness is defined, in the field of emergency management, as a state of readiness to respond to a disaster, crisis, or any other type of emergency situation. Throughout history the United States has always practiced some sort of preparedness. The text cites fallout shelters built in the 1950s in preparation of a potential air raid from the Soviet Union. Emergency management preparedness is nothing new to this country. It is not only a way to protect lives and property it is a way to ensure the viability of the community. To ensure the community can undergo such a strenuous circumstance and be resilient. All organizations, whether they be private, nongovernmental, or governmental are at risk for consequences of disaster and therefore must ensure their preparedness. (Haddow, Bullock, Coppola 2008) Before we go any further let’s explore the difference between mitigation and preparedness. Mitigation is the prevention or decreasing the likelihood of an event and Preparedness is taking action and planning in an effort to combat the hazard or emergency and become resilient. The ultimate goal is to have a plan in place that can be evaluated and improved to ensure protection from future disasters. . (Haddow, Bullock, Coppola 2008) FEMA developed a systems approach to preparedness. All of the knowledge that is necessary to truly prepare for any disaster requires the combining of agencies to combat the issue at hand. This planning cycle consists of four major components; plan,
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