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Psychoanalytic Theory And Psychodynamic Theory

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Psychoanalytic Theory

In this paper, I will discuss the theoretical perspective of psychoanalytic theory and discuss a few of the theorist that helped to shape and expanded upon this theory. I will focus mainly on Sigmund Freud, the founder of the psychodynamic approach and use his theory as the foundation to compare other theorist perspectives. Psychoanalytic theory is based on the belief that the human mind often represses threatening wishes or painful experiences. Repression is believed to place these painful experiences and emotions into the unconscious mind until they resurface. I will discuss the tools that therapists take to help their patients find insight into their repressed feeling and I will discuss the approaches therapist
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For example, consider a newborn baby who is hungry and cries when it needs to be feed, or when it needs to be changed. When a baby wants something, it will cry regardless of the situation and without any consideration for others. This behavior is the result of the id and its desire to have its basic needs meet.
As the individuals, basic needs are met and these needs become more of a want than a need, and becomes more of a conscious thought than an unconscious one, the ego begins to form. “The ego is the rational, pragmatic part of our personality” ("Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality - Boundless Open Textbook", 2016) and functions according to the reality principle. The reality principle is the ability of the mind to be able to assess the realities of the world and act upon it in an appropriate way. The ego acts as a mediator and will make compromises to keep the id happy; in a realistic way. “The ego has no concept of right or wrong; something is good simply if it achieves its end of satisfying without causing harm to itself or to the id” (McLeod, 1970).
As the ego struggles to keep the id happy and encounters obstacles, it keeps a record of those obstacles and the objects that have assisted in obtaining its goals. “This record of things to avoid and strategies to take becomes the superego” (Boeree, Sigmund Freud). The superego is believed to be the moral part
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