Psychology

1586 WordsMar 20, 20147 Pages
Section One – 1 When psychology first began to become a science in 1860, it was more of a field of philosophy than an actual medical study. It dealt with a more abstract concept than other medical fields; the human body is something concrete that you can physically look at and study whereas, at the time, you could not physically see the mind. In Ancient Greece thinkers such as Aristotle and Plato could only come up with theories as to how the mind works. Plato believed that some knowledge is innate while Aristotle believed that the ability to learn depended on experience, however neither were able to prove their theories with concrete evidence. As time went on and psychology became more widely known, more theoretical approaches to…show more content…
The lack of acquisition could lead to the extinction of the conditioned response. It is also possible for the conditioned response to become extinct but the little girl may one day spontaneously recover her fear of spiders. It is also possible that she could develop a fear of all spiders or possibly all insects as she generalizes her fear. Or she could only develop a fear of tarantulas specifically, which would be stimuli discrimination. Section Five – 10 Classical conditioning is when a neutral stimulus causes a response when paired with a stimulus that naturally cases a response. Operant conditioning is a type of learning where the consequences of a behavior determine if that action will be repeated. Both classical conditioning and operant condition have stimuli that enforces a behavior, yet the main difference is that in classical condition the learning is not up to the individual but in operant condition the learned behavior is in the hands of the individual. Ivan Pavlov was the main contributor to classical conditioning. While studying the amount of saliva dogs had to certain foods, he noticed that the dogs would salivate while in the harness in anticipation for the food. He then conducted an experiment where he used a bell as he gave the dogs their food and he conditioned them to salivate when hearing the bell. The only limitation to classical
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