Remanufacturing has a low profile in world economics and is inadequately understood because of its relative freshness in research terms. However, environmental and competitive pressures are shifting the global and business environment and this is attracting interest in the practice. Balancing economic and social development with environmental protection is a key challenge in securing long-standing sustainability. Emerging sustainable approaches to manufacture is a critical global apprehension. Key measures towards this include active design for environment, for example by improving remanufacturing efficiency and effectiveness. Companies must design products for durability and ease of recovery of their materials at end of life, and must consider the business prospective of processing used products to harness the enduring value in their components.
The main features which must be considered while designing a product or component for remanufacturing are:
• Non-durable material that may lead to rupture during remanufacturing or to deterioration during use to the extent that product is beyond ‘‘refurbishment’’.
• Use of the technologies because of which it is not possible to disassemble the components properly leading to the damage of component during separation.
• Characteristics of the product which hinders the improvement as some banned substance or processing methods cannot be used.
With the remanufacturing of the used product, it can offer a range of sustainable
There are several obstacles for manufacturers attempting to employ changes in their processes for more sustainable practices. One problem that manufacturers will run into is the lack of direction. Knowing that change is needed is the easy part of reaching sustainability. Knowing what changes to make is a much more complicated challenge. The idea of sustainability is discussed often, yet broad scope ideas are traded without specific details and applications. Team B Consultants Inc. (TBCI), is the
The infrastructure is not at present in place to permit efficient recycling of materials from old product to new. These materials include metal, polymers, refrigerant gas and glass. This situation is due largely to a culture of indifference from Governmental and regulatory agencies at present. The use of natural capital is unsustainable with the culture of supply of what the customer wants and not what they need, this is at present a cultural problem. This has a detrimental impact on the ecosystem.
Ability to customize products: With the desired raw material, a 3D printer, and the required blueprint, one can “manufacture” any object one wants, with the specifications and design of one’s choice.
The industry can be very susceptible to environmental issues together with other manufacturers. With the advent of campaigns toward saving the environment and “going green”, the society is now more concerned with how the industry’s wastes and other by-products are being managed. Using recycled materials and recycling one’s wastes can affect the industry’s over-all image as an environmental advocate.
Designing and using sustainable products is the important topic which all human should seriously consider about. The technological development in recent decades significantly improved the average standard of living world widely while that destroyed natural environments on the earth. The speaker John P. O’Grady in TED Talk pointed out that how unsustainable products have terribly contributed to the devastation of the environment. For instance, Mr. O’Grady showed the audience that the study of marine pollution and metaphorically expressed the situation as the toilet which has not been flushed for a long time. Besides that, there are many other problems causing negative impacts. These environmental destructions harm not only nature but also the
ingredients, which need to be researched and tested in-order to insure the safety of the products.
Please describe two (and only two) reasons why post-licensure requirements for recordkeeping and reporting are particularly important for product designated as biologics
The finished product need to contain active ingredients complying with the qualitative and quantitative composition of the marketing authorisation and are of the purity required.
Product teardown refers to the processes of dissembling a functioning product, for instance, an electronic products such as a computer, an extension cables or a television among others to identify the components and parts it is made of, the component and system functionality, and the cost information of each parts. The teardown results are documented and such information is vital to designers of the product because it enables them to improve or correct faults in their products. Companies carry out product teardown to compare competitor’s product component parts and functionality with their own product in order to improve on their product or cut down the cost of their production. For the learning purposes, teardown is carried
Statics shows that more than 50% of industries report plans to increase production; more than 75% are already reporting a skilled workforce shortage which is causing revenue loss. (Accenture, 2014). It is clear that the new driving force behind U.S. Manufacturing is having a strong, skilled workforce. The skilled workforce of the industry is often the one thing that sets them apart from their competitors. Manufacturers that want to dominate their particular market are going to do whatever is possible to attract the cream of the crop. Competitiveness is not the only reason industries need to attract skilled workers; recent studies show that many skilled workers are getting ready to hit, if not already hit retirement
Faced with the evidence, that finite resources are being depleted; that we are using more than we can replace (D. Meadows et al. 1972); and that climate change is likely to worsen the situation for many people of the world (Stott et al. 2010), business models have to change toward a more sustainable way of living, manufacturing and consuming; moving away from neoclassical industrial approaches. This represent the need for a fundamental conceptual shift away from current ‘take-make-dispose’ system, which generate toxic, one-way, ‘cradle-to-grave’ material flows, moving toward a ‘cradle-to-cradle’ system that can be conceptualized and represented in the Circular Economy; integrating economic activity and environmental welfare in a sustainable way.
“Remanufacturing is recovering the product as a whole through a series of operations, which may include disassembly, replacing or repairing non–functional components, reconditioning, and reassembling” (Fleischmann et al., 1997). Remanufacturing includes the disassembly of product into various components, reconditioning them into like new condition, and assembling them to produce a brand new product at a fraction of the production cost. Reconditioning includes