Renal Cell Carcinoma Of The Kidney Cancer Essay

1470 Words Dec 3rd, 2016 6 Pages
The most common genitourinary cancers include, renal cell carcinoma of the kidney, transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, and adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
1- Renal cell carcinoma, is the most common cancer of the kidney, accounts for approximately 90% of all renal malignancies. About 65,000 cases of renal cell carcinoma are diagnosed each year in the U.S. Despite advances in diagnosis, especially improved imaging techniques and the incidental diagnosis of many tumors with imaging tests for unrelated complaints, about 20–30% of all patients are diagnosed with metastatic disease. In addition, another 20% of patients undergoing nephrectomy will have a relapse and develop metastatic RCC during follow-up.

Kidney cancer is among the 10 most common cancers in both men and women. Overall, the lifetime risk for developing kidney cancer is about 1 in 63 (1.6%). This risk is higher in men than in women. The American Cancer Society’s most recent estimates for kidney cancer in the United States for 2016 are:

-About 62,700 new cases (39,650 in men and 23,050 in women) will occur.
-About 14,240 people (9,240 men and 5,000 women) will die from this disease.

The rate of new kidney cancers has risen since the 1990s. Part of this rise was probably due to the use of newer imaging tests such as CT scans, which picked up some cancers that might never have been found otherwise.
Imaging studies for renal cell carcinoma should include computed tomography CT scans of the abdomen and…
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