Research Literature Review

1653 Words7 Pages
SOWK 562 – Summer 2014
Assignment #3: Intervention Literature Review
July 20, 2014
Dr. Hsin-Yi Hsiao

Intervention Description
There are two distinct service models for persons experiencing homelessness that also have issues with mental illness and/or addictions, the treatment first model or the Housing First model. Housing First models utilize a supported housing approach in which consumers start with permanent, independent apartments and providers work with consumers regardless of their symptoms, substance abuse, or whether they participate in formal treatment (Henwood, 2011). The housing is the treatment or intervention and the treatment is offered as long as the client needs the support.
Although the housing first
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Where individuals have been deemed somehow responsible for their homelessness, they have frequently been considered less worthy of support.
Another theoretical framework discussed in tandem with the effectiveness of housing first programs is the concept of human agency. Human agency is the idea that individuals understand their problems in context with socially acceptable norms (Parsell, 2014). It recognizes that the homeless population has a unique set of skills and strengths from which they can draw on to navigate their way out of the current situation. People have the capacity to invent new possibilities (Parsell, 2014).
Analysis of the Empirical Literature on Intervention
In the article written by Benjamin Henwood comparing front line providers’ views of housing first programs versus traditional programs, 41 front line service providers in the New York area were studied using a longitudinal qualitative study. 20 providers used the housing first model and the other 21 used the treatment first model. The protocols of the study included a baseline interview during the first month of being housed and a follow up interview either when the client left the program or six months later (Henwood, 2011). The data was then analyzed using a coding process called Thematic analysis.
There were three main conclusions drawn from the study. First, it was found that the
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