Routine Activity Theory And Social Disorganization Theory

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Literature Review
In the literature review there will be different discussions based on past and current research. The historic overview will discuss the history of campus crime and factors that have influenced student’s feelings of safety on campus from research dated from 1999 and back. The current research section will cover research from 2000 to today involving the topic of campus crime and factors that impact student’s perception of public safety. Routine Activity Theory and Social disorganization Theory will both be integrated as well as critiqued individually in order for us to show what each theory is about as well as how they may come together.
Historical Research Henry Fielding developed the idea of crime prevention in 1748 (Goshen,
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The schools recruited retired police officers to run campus security. In the 1950's the schools were trying to instill professionalism into the campus security field by the use of uniforms and professional organizations (Fisher & Sloan, 1995) . Yet, this increase in professionalism was still unable to improve the security officers' knowledge of how to deal with the riots, sit-ins and vandalism found on college campuses in the 1950's and 1960's. The local police in this era were prone to use force with arrest to handle campus situations (Goshen,…show more content…
However, thanks to a piece of legislation known as the Clery act, information on how well colleges and universities are addressing the issue of campus crime is readily available. Named for Jeanne Clery, the 1986 victim of a rape and murder at Lehigh University, the act requires that all campuses have detailed emergency alert systems in place, as well as comprehensive crime reporting statistics (Best Colleges, 2016).
The "Clery Act" is named in memory of 19-year-old Lehigh University freshman Jeanne Ann Clery who was raped and murdered while asleep in her residence hall room on April 5, 1986. Jeanne’s parents, Connie and Howard, discovered that students hadn’t been told about 38 violent crimes on the Lehigh campus in the three years before her murder. They joined with other campus crime victims and persuaded Congress to enact this law, which was originally known as the "Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990” (College View,

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