Safety Management System (SMS) can be defined as “a systematic approach to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies and procedures” (Safety Management Manual, 2013). It is designed to identify hazards, analysing and collecting data and manage safety risks encountered during the delivery of its services (Safety Management Manual, 2013).
According to Safety Management Manual (2013), the fundamental Safety Management System (SMS) framework consists of four main components and twelve sub elements. These are the 4 components and 12 sub-elements:
i) Safety policy and objectives
-Management commitments and responsibilities
-Appointment of key safety personnel
-Coordination of emergency response planning
-SMS documentation ii) Safety risk management
-Risk assessment and mitigation iii) Safety assurance
-Safety performance monitoring and measurement
-The management of change
-Continuous improvement of the SMS
iv) Safety promotion
-Training and education
(2) Analysis Methodology
The Swiss Cheese Model of accident causation illustrates the occurrence of catastrophic system failures. In the model, there are holes in each cheese and it represents a safety barrier to a particular hazard. According to the Swiss cheese model (Safety Management Manual, 2013), some of holes in defences are due to active failures, however, some of other holes in the
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Reason (2000) opines that the safeguards in the system are likened to slices of Swiss cheese and that the presence of holes in one piece does not invariably lead to a bad outcome but only when the holes in the other slices align to allow a trajectory which results in an unsatisfactory outcome. He further alluded that the breach in the barrier may result from both active and latent failures.
There is a system and procedure for reporting incidents and identified hazards, which are documented in Safetrac. CLMs are responsible for ensuring the incidents/hazards are assessed and managed appropriately. Branches also have access to Health & Safety Consultants, who can assist with incident investigations, identifying suitable control measures. A dedicated Move Safe team is also available to help with complex manual handling requirements.
The main sources of information that I have used as reference points and researched to build the SMS have been utilised in many industries for many years, organisations such as the Health and Safety Executive for example, where the required regulatory standards are easily sourced, even if you are unfamiliar with the regulation, typing in the problem in the search engine will usually find the required information or legislation. The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations
Final stage of responsibilities for representing the health and safety measures lies within the management authorities. According to Vogel (2012), a proper representation of these precautionary measures makes the staff, client and visitors aware about the availability of different safety measures.
System analysis can help manage and reduce risks by identifying hazards so they can be controlled through good design. That is, in order to improve safety, quality, performance, and comfort, a good place to start is by analyzing the involved systems so they can be improved. The key to improving safety
The company Safety Manger must investigate any incident. The purpose of the investigation is to identify the cause of an incident and to determine how it could have been prevented – not to assess fault.
According to Wiegmann et al. (2007:3) there are several commonalities among the various definitions of safety culture across industries and authors. Based on the commonalties among definitions, a global definition of safety culture can be formulated, which is:
The role of the safety professional will vary depending on the setting that they are working in and will vary based on the types of assistants and people that he or she surrounds themselves with. First and foremost I believe that they safety manager needs to foster and nurture a positive safety environment. They need to understand that employees should not try and avoid him or her but welcome the safety manager and feel free to make suggestions or bring up potential issues in the workplace. A safety professional may or may not be an expert on a particular machine, process or hazard, and they must be humble enough and smart enough to bring in the right people to assist with conducting a job hazard analysis on a task. If they safety
It is important it have a written work Health and Safety Policy for the organizations and businesses which have management systems. The Work Health and Safety Regulation 2011 addresses Major Hazard Facilities in Regulation 558 and Schedule 17(1.2) and requires that the Safety Management System includes a Safety Policy, including the operator’s broad aims in relation to the safe operation of the major hazard facility, and that the safety policy must include and express commitment to ongoing improvement of all aspects of the safety management system. A Work Health and Safety Policy is an explicit statement of business commitment to work health and safety. It will include a statement outlining the importance which is placed on work health and safety and how it is to be implemented.
Normal accident theory and Swiss cheese model are influential models in studying system accident causation. This paper is going to help us to gain understanding of both models and to critically compare them. The first part of the study is an introduction of the both models. In the second part, Three Mile Island nuclear accident will be taken as an example to see how the models analyse causations of an accident. In this part, the fact of the accident will be presented first, then normal accident theory and Swiss cheese model will be invited to identify the causes of the accident respectively. The evaluation and comparison of the two models will be discussed in the final part. Both models conclude that accidents are
This risk management process should be delivered to all employees via training. This process should train personnel to identify any hazards that may be present in the work area and should equip employees to appropriately manage the risk. Hazard reporting is conducted through dedicated safety software and remedial action
The World Health Organization defines Safety and Risk Management as “ activities or measures taken by an individual or health care organization to prevent, remedy or mitigate occurrence of a real or potential (patient) safety event”1
Putting in the work for an efficient and well-structured aviation safety program is well worth the cost of and risk the aviation industry may face. Risks has its costs, they are increasing with time and the aviation industry is paying for it. “Aviation safety is pretty much a people problem. The machinery we use is really pretty good, the problem is the way we use the airplane—a people problem” (Aviation Safety Programs a Management Handbook, 1976). This quote derived from a book from over forty years ago today, recognizes the need for a system to be put into play in order to help minimize this ‘people problem’. That system today is Safety Management Systems. “A systematic and explicit approach defining the activities by which safety management is undertaken by an organization in order to achieve acceptable or tolerable safety. The objective of a Safety Management System is to provide a structured management approach to control safety risks in operations. Effective safety management must take into account the organization’s specific structures and processes related to safety of operations.” (Skybary, 2016). The objective speaks for itself, it gives and organization control on issues that once seemed uncontrollable or even variable. Safety Management Systems provide and will continue to contribute to the assessment and hopeful elimination of most risks. The system’s four pillars explain the