Salmon : The Salmon Run

819 Words Mar 29th, 2016 4 Pages
The salmon migration, commonly referred to as the “Salmon Run,” is a natural occurrence that happens only once a year. Oncorhynchus, also known as Pacific Salmon, are the most common type of salmon on the planet. Pacific Salmon are better known under the following five species groups: Sockeye, Pink, Coho, Chum, and Chinook. Salmon are known for their amazing flavor and tender meat which is commonly found in most fish markets around the United States. What people do not realize, is the amazing journey that these fish take every year to reproduce in order to spawn a new generation of salmon. Jumping upstream, fighting off predators, and traveling over one thousand miles, these salmon travel back into the mainland streams where they themselves were born in order to produce their own spawn. This makes the salmon run the greatest migration of any animal on the planet.
Spawning is the first of the many cycles that these fish undergo. Spawning starts with a female salmon making long beds in the gravel called “reds.” She deposits thousands of eggs over a period of a few days. After she has laid her eggs, her male partner immediately spreads his sperm over the eggs in order to fertilize them. The female salmon then stays around for a couple weeks to defend the eggs from natural prey while the male actually dies due to the lack of food after he has journeyed so far. The male dying is not only due to starvation but is done to protect the eggs by giving his life as food for wildlife.…

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