Soical Cognitive Theory

1023 Words Jun 22nd, 2018 5 Pages
One of the major challenges to behaviorism came from studies on observational learning conducted by Albert Bandura and colleagues. (Schunk, 2012) In contrast to Skinner Bandura’s social cognitive theory states people learn new actions merely by observing others perform them. Observers did not have to perform the actions at the time of learning. (Schunk, 2012)
For example new employees watching their employer demonstrate how to wrap a knife, and ship it. The employee necessarily would not have to perform the task to learn how to do it.
The heart of observational learning is modeling, which is more than simple imitation, because it involves adding and subtracting from the behavior. Bandura recognized four processes that govern
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He may then reenact or model those learned behaviors. Bandura’s states that every stage of the learning process, increased cognitive skill and ability will result in increased accuracy in learning. (Burton, 1999) A sexually aggressive child who was abused or who has witnessed a great deal of sexual activity may store the representation of the behavior incorrectly. The child may then act out the behaviors instead of understanding it is something he should not do. So many times with sexually abused children counselors have to reeducate the children in to what is appropriate behavior, along with counseling them on the abuse.

Social Cognitive Paper
Relationship between Social Cognitive, Motivation, and Self Efficacy

The very core of the social cognitive theory self-efficacy beliefs provides the foundation for human motivation, well-being, and personal accomplishment. (Pajares, 2002) Unless people actions can produce the outcomes they desire, they have little incentive to act or to persist in the face of difficulties. Bandura’s key contentions in regards to the role self-efficacy beliefs in human functioning is that “people’s levels of motivation affective states, and actions are based more on what they believe than on what is objectively true.” (Pajares, 2002)
Compare Behaviorism to Social Cognitive
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