Some Terms of Healthcare Information Systems

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Health Care Information Systems Terms Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act - The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was enacted August 21, 1996 by President Bill Clinton. This Act provides healthcare for workers when they leave one employer to join another in addition to regulating healthcare providers and the plans they provide to consumers and businesses. This Act was revolutionary at the time as it confronted the issue of pre-existing conditions. HIPAA compliance is often found in the hospital administration and admitting areas of a medical facility, as this Act is designed to protect the rights of patients before, during and after treatment (Saleem, Jones, Hien, Moses, 2006) Electronic medical record Often referred to by its acronym EMR, an electronic medial record is a patients' diagnosis and treatment history and is governed in sue by the HIPAA Act (Wager, Lee, Glaser, 2009). An EMR is often indexed through both department-based and hospital-wide medical systems, and are created using a relational database structure for ease of retrieval and analysis (Saleem, Jones, Hien, Moses, 2006). Electronic health record The methodologies and frameworks designed to capture health data and incorporate it into an Electronic Health Record (EHR) continued to mature rapidly given advances in database and Web development technologies (Wager, Lee, Glaser, 2009). An EHR will often be used throughout each stage of a patients'; treatment
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