Structuralism And Post-Structuralism In Language

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Structuralism originated in the works of Ferdinand de Saussure, a Swiss linguist in the 20th century. An attempt to study a specific whole as a complex system of interrelated parts, it soon came to be applied to many other fields. Structuralism is closely related to Semiotics and Saussure focused on the underlying system of language, ‘langue’ instead of the use of language. Yet, the discovery of ‘langue’ is possible only with an examination of parole, speech. Apart from favouring the synchronic development of language over the diachronic version, he also asserts that linguistic signs consist of a signifier and a signified. Hence, this approach is different from those that focus on the relationships between words and the objects they implicate.…show more content…
However, Post-Structuralist writing is emotive. Such texts will tend to be euphoric, urgent and flashy.
The general notion of Structuralism is that the world is constructed by language. It is only through linguistics, that reality is envisioned. In contrast, Post-Structuralism argues that realities are created by languages. All aspects of human experience become textual and everything one thinks of, be it about self or the world, depends on language.
Both Structuralism and Post-Structuralism arise from Saussure’s linguistic theory and so, emphasize on language. In this way, there are identical. Moreover, both accept language as a system of signs that exists separately from any physical or mental reality. Similarly, Structuralism and Post-Structuralism will also together acknowledge that a subject is possible only through language. Hence, language overrides humans as the source of action and meaning and so, Structuralism and Post-Structuralism are non-humanistic [5]. Structuralism is deterministic as all power to structure one’s perceptions lie with the system. Hence, Structuralism is, in particular, anti-humanist
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