Substitution Reactions ( Sn2 And Sn )

1623 Words Jun 18th, 2015 7 Pages
Using various alcohols, the substitution reactions (Sn2 and Sn) were utilized by helping with which functional groups reacted, in which way. Developing a mechanism for the alcohols are discussed.

This journal inspects the substitution reactions occurring in the alcohol-containing compounds. When a substitution reaction transpires, it substitutes one sigma (σ) bond with another sigma (σ) bond. In substitution reactions, there are two types that are focused when working with organic molecules, Sn1 and Sn2.
A Sn1 reaction is a nucleophilic substitution reaction, which has one molecule that is in the rate-determining step of the reaction. This simply means there is one substitution that occurs before the final product is created. A Sn2 reaction is, also, a nucleophilic substitution reaction. The Sn2 reaction has two molecules that are in the rate-determining step; therefore, two substitutions occur before the final product is created (reactions occur simultaneously).
The three different types of alcohols that were utilized during this experiment are common in Sn1 and Sn2 reactions. The reaction that occurs between the alcohol and the solvents are both Sn1 and Sn2 reactions.
While working with reaction 1 there are several different chemical properties to be aware of, 3-Phenyl-1-propanol has a melting point of -18°C. It also has a boiling point of 119°C. The density of the alcohol us 1.001 g/mL. In reaction 2, the boiling point of 2-pentanol is 119°C. The melting point of…
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