Surgical Site Infections: A Nursing Research Project

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NURSING RESEARCH PROJECT SURGICAL SITE INFECTION (SSI) NURSING RESEARCH PROJECT SURGICAL SITE INFECTION (SSI)11 Running Head: NURSING RESEARCH PROJECT SURGICAL SITE INFECTION (SSI) INTRODUCTION Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the leading type of infections among hospitalized patients. There are so many reasons why people go for surgery; it can be an emergency reasons or elective. According to Beaver, (2008) a primary concern in healthcare today is the prevention of infections. Careful handling of the surgical equipment reduces the chances of surgical site infections, for instance equipment sterilization and careful hand hygiene of surgical equipment. Postoperative surgical site infections according to Nichol (2001) remain a major source of illness in surgical patients. Beaver, (2008) point out that surgical infection is one of the side effects that occur after a patient has gone for surgery. Those who incorporate the best practice standards can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with surgical site infections. THEORY AND RATIONALE FOR SELECTION Beaver (2008) surgical patients commonly developed postoperative fever followed by purulent drainage from their incision, sepsis and often death. The introduction of the principles of antisepsis by Lister and acceptance of Pasteur's germ theory has led to decrease infection rates. The rationale behind it is the fact that this theory increasingly change the surgery from activity associated with infection and death
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