Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus

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Shronda Gilmore
MED 2056
Type I Diabetes
Instructor: Amanda Salazar

Type I Diabetes

Speaking in general terms, diabetes mellitus is a general grouping of diseases that inhibits the normal utilization of glucose found in blood. Individuals without the disease produce insulin naturally from their pancreas which in turn regulates how glucose is either used or stored in the body. This paper will discuss the similarities and differences associated with types I & II diabetes to include pathophysiology, chief complaints, signs, symptoms and treatment plans. Type I diabetes is a diabetic disorder usually associated with children, teens and young adults, the original diagnosis for type 1 diabetes was “juvenile diabetes” (Alot Health, 1). According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA, 1), only 5% of diabetics are affected by this form of the condition.
Conversely, type II diabetes is known as “adult onset” diabetes and is “a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar” (Mayo Clinic, 1). Both conditions are affected by the amount/utilization of glucose found within the blood, but they differ in the ways that they occur. In order to thoroughly understand diabetes as a disease one must first understand how the disease is affecting the body’s normal interaction with insulin created in the pancreas.
Insulin is a “peptide hormone produced by beta cells in the pancreas”, (WHO, 2). In the body, insulin promotes the usage of glucose

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