Type I Diabetes
Instructor: Amanda Salazar
Type I Diabetes
Speaking in general terms, diabetes mellitus is a general grouping of diseases that inhibits the normal utilization of glucose found in blood. Individuals without the disease produce insulin naturally from their pancreas which in turn regulates how glucose is either used or stored in the body. This paper will discuss the similarities and differences associated with types I & II diabetes to include pathophysiology, chief complaints, signs, symptoms and treatment plans. Type I diabetes is a diabetic disorder usually associated with children, teens and young adults, the original diagnosis for type 1 diabetes was “juvenile diabetes” (Alot Health, 1). According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA, 1), only 5% of diabetics are affected by this form of the condition.
Conversely, type II diabetes is known as “adult onset” diabetes and is “a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar” (Mayo Clinic, 1). Both conditions are affected by the amount/utilization of glucose found within the blood, but they differ in the ways that they occur. In order to thoroughly understand diabetes as a disease one must first understand how the disease is affecting the body’s normal interaction with insulin created in the pancreas.
Insulin is a “peptide hormone produced by beta cells in the pancreas”, (WHO, 2). In the body, insulin promotes the usage of glucose
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Type II Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes or aadult onset diabetes. It is a medical disorder that, due to a number of factors codependent with the modern world, is characterized by higher than normal blood glucose levels that play havoc with insulin deficiency and resistance. Insulin resistance means that cells do not respond appropriately when there is free insulin in the blood system. Essentially, they body is reacting to an improper balance of sugars and insulin. Because obesity is often present, research suggests that even thought the mechanisms controling glucose and insulin are unclear, the adopose tissue likely
Diabetes is a big disease that affects many human beings worldwide. With the widespread growth of fast food industries in this day and age, people are eating a lot more unhealthy foods resulting in higher changes for diabetes. What many people don't fully understand is the difference between the two types of diabetes; type one and type two. Mayoclinic.org defines tpe 1 diabetes as "a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy". This type of diabetes in the kind that is normally had by children seeing that it comes from problems within there body and they had nothing to do with them or their appetite. Mayoclinic.org defines type 2 diabetes as "a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body's important source of fuel". This is the diabetes that most people associate with the term. This comes from lack of
Diabetes is a condition, which causes the blood sugar of a person to become too high (Nhs, 2012). Type II diabetes is a long-term metabolic disorder that results from characterized high blood sugar, insulin resistance, or insulin deficiency (Elly, 2008). This type of diabetes differs from type I diabetes, which cause is quite unclear, but believed to result from genetic susceptibility and environmental factors. In type II diabetes, sugar accumulates in the bloodstream instead of being ferried by relevant body parts where it can be converted into energy
Diabetes is a serious medical condition that affects millions of people every year. Although both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have similarities, distinctions can be found in the symptoms, preventative methods and hyperglycaemic levels. Symptoms regarding type 1 diabetes tend to surface between infancy and adolescence, whereas symptoms for type 2 diabetes may only be revealed through diagnosis. In the past this disease has primarily been discovered in adulthood, but an increasing trend in the number of children being diagnosed has altered this perspective.Preventative procedures also differentiate both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Extensive research conducted on type 1 has revealed to healthcare providers that prevention is not possible by any
Type1 and type2 diabetes are treatment and both have the same symptoms. Diabetes, a disease that has spread recently greatly annoying a disease accompanied by symptoms including. His where the patient feels at times of weakness or loss of appetite. A higher proportion of sugar in the blood to exit the fluid out of the body tissues, including the eye lenses, which causes poor visibility. On the other hand, it is known that physical exercise is an important factor in health status in general, which is an integral part of the treatment of diabetes. Sports determining the factor for the health of some of their age and size. So reduce regular exercise, including daily activities risk of diabetes. In summary type1 and type2 diabetes can not be fully
Type I Diabetes was once referred to as Juvenile Diabetes or Insulin Dependent type Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). Type 1 diabetes, is an incurable but treatable disease which can occur at any age but is mostly found in children. Couch et al. (2008) states, “Juvenile diabetes affects about 1 in every 400-600 children and more than 13,000 are diagnosed yearly” (pg. 1). A 2014 CDC fact sheet concerning diabetes, showed that, “In adults, type 1 diabetes accounts for approximately 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in the United States.” It seems that we all know someone who is affected by diabetes; either type 1 or type 2. Diabetes seems to be such a common-place illness and is much more prevalent in today’s society. However, this hasn’t always been the case. Gale (2002), states, “At the start of the 20th century, childhood diabetes was rare… (pg. 3353).” In this paper, I will provide information about Juvenile or Type I diabetes in order to educate the reader about this illness.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a condition in the body that is related to a faulty metabolism. It means that the body’s metabolism is not functioning properly, which leads to adverse effects in the health. The food we ingest, gets broken down into blood sugar (glucose), which is what fuels our body in the form of energy. This converted glucose needs to enter our cells so that it can be used for energy and growth. And in order for the glucose to enter our cells, there needs to be insulin present, which the beta cells of the pancreas is responsible for producing. This hormone is responsible for maintaining glucose level in the blood. It allows the body cells to use glucose as a main
Diabetes is chronic disease that affects how the body uses glucose (sugar). The foods we eat (carbohydrates) that include glucose are then broken down by the chemicals in the stomach, and from there the bloodstream absorbs the sugars from the gastrointestinal tract. As soon as the glucose level rises in the blood it activates the pancreas to make insulin and release it into the bloodstream. The insulin then gets hold of the glucose in your blood and sends it to your other cells (such as the muscle cells and brain cells) so it could be used as energy. Type two diabetes is the effect of the body not creating enough insulin to keep blood glucose levels in the normal range. The glucose is less so it’s not able to enter the cells and do its job which is to get the surgars out of our blood. This is when insulin resistance kicks in, when you have more than enough or too much gllucose in your blood, your pancreas needs to make more insulin to take the extra glucose out of your blood. When your pancreas works overtime to get all the extra glucos out of your blood and deliever it to your other cells, can cause your pancreas to wear out from working to produce extra insulin and no longer be able to produce enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels normal. Everyone needs blood needs glucose but it can damage the body over time when it is too high. In type 2 diabetes the body doesn’t create enough insulin for the pancreas or the cells in the body don’t identify the insulin that is
Diabetes is a disease that is caused by high glucose levels due to a lack of insulin production. It commonly presents itself in two forms; Type 1 and Type 2. Although these both fall under the category of diabetes, they are displayed in various ways. Type 1 can appear in an individual at virtually any age. Typically, in Type 1 the patient suffers from an autoimmune disease that reduces the production of beta cells in the pancreas. The beta cells are responsible for the secretion of insulin therefore there is an insulin deficiency. The lack of insulin contributes to the instability of blood glucose levels. Common symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, and weight loss due to the cell’s inability to absorb
It’s estimated that more than 16 million Americans have been diagnosed with diabetes. And nearly one in five people over 65 years of age is likely to be diagnosed with diabetes. There are 2 types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes the most common form of diabetes, occurs when the body develops insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is when the body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose
Type 2 diabetes, previously known as non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes, is most common and different from type 1 diabetes. It’s diagnosed in mainly older adults. Type 2 diabetes occurs from the body’s inability to respond to insulin normally. Most people with type 2 diabetes can still produce insulin, unlike people with type 1 diabetes, but not enough to meet the body’s needs. Type 2 diabetes is associated more with insulin resistance rather than lack of insulin, as seen with type 1 diabetes. This often is obtained as a hereditary tendency from one of the parents. Insulin levels are usually normal or higher than
Type 2: In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, however the body doesn’t respond to it as it should, this is because the quantities of the insulin being produced are insufficient, or the body’s cells just don’t react to it and so the glucose levels in the system remain high. Type 2 diabetes is a ‘progressive disease’ and can get worse if it is not managed properly. Long term effects of high blood sugar can result in heart disease or kidney
The least common type of diabetes is known as Type 1. “The classic symptoms of diabetes emerge when approximately 90% of the β cells in the islets have been destroyed. Although characteristically such symptoms have a relatively sudden onset, the initiating pathophysiological process leading to the clinical emergence of type 1 diabetes may occur over a prolonged period of time”(Scobie). It affects mostly children and adolescents. It is more commonly known for the
One morning I went to work i was assigned to be Mr. C nurse. Mr. C was admitted in the med-surg/ telemetry unit two days before I was assigned to care for him. He was a 52 year old male with a new diagnosed of type II diabetes. He had history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia. He was admitted for ketoacidosis. As per the emergency room report, his blood glucose was more than 450 mg/dl when he came there. He was placed on intravenous fluid normal saline at 125 ml/hour. He was also placed on long acting and short acting insulin coverage. His blood sugar remained in the400’s mg/dl and, despite medical intervention his blood sugar remained elevated.
Diabetes mellitus type 1 (type 1 DM) was first documented following recognizable reports in the second half of 19th century. More common in children and young adults, it results from the autoimmune annihilation of the beta cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. Consequently, glucose and blood in the urine increase due to the absence of, or reduced amount, of insulin. Symptoms include increased hunger, frequent urination, weight loss and increased thirst. Presently, the cause remains unknown, but explanatory theories offered include being exposed to antigens and genetic susceptibility. Diagnosis is done by checking for abnormalities in blood, such as high sugar levels, and also glucose in urine. Administering insulin injections and providing care are critical for patients’ survival. Other ways of managing type 1 DM include maintaining the level of blood sugar at the targeted range through planning means and exercise. When uncontrolled, type 1 DM can result in retinopathy, kidney damage and nerve damage.