Taking a Look at Prostate Cancer

3372 WordsFeb 1, 201814 Pages
Prostate cancer is the most common type of carcinoma and the second leading cause of cancer death in men, following carcinoma of the lung. The risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age, beginning at age 50, and is also higher among African-American men. The two highest age subpopulations diagnosed are men 55-64 and 65-74 years of age, comprising 29.0% and 35.6% of all prostate cancer diagnoses, respectively. The age-adjusted incidence rate of prostate cancer is 159.3 per 100,000 men per year2. By race, black men have the highest incidence rate of this disease with an incidence rate of 239.8 per 100,000 men, while Hispanic men have the lowest with a rate of 133.4 per 100,000 men. The death rate of African-Americans is more than double that of any other race with a mortality rate of 56 per 100,000 men2. Recent data indicates that cancer develops in 30% of black men ages 50-59 and in 39% of black men 60-692. This is in contrast to 8% of black men developing it between the ages of 40 and 49. Similar data has been shown for men with a family history . The age-adjusted death rate from prostate cancer has fortunately decreased by 3.4% between 2001 and 2006 and the lifetime risk of developing prostate cancer is 15.9% for American men (i.e. 1 in every 6 men) 2. Though relatively prevalent, the death rate of prostate cancer is lower than that of lung cancer in men because of, among many other reasons, its slow natural course . Prostate cancer is a very
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