Technology in Healthcare

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Technology and Healthcare Technology and Healthcare Throughout history there have been individuals that have collected and used data to improve the health of communities. With the advent of computers there has been a greater development of how this data on disease outbreaks are tracked and handled. The use of information technology in healthcare has created faster tracking and monitoring systems used to study emerging disease outbreaks such as SARS, influenza, HIV and even bioterroism attacks. In a way public health informatics has been around since before the creation of computers. Individuals such as Dr. John Snow and Florence Nightingale recognized patterns that pointed towards causes of disease outbreaks and the need to correct…show more content…
370) The major objective of such systems “is to identify illness clusters early, before diagnoses are confirmed and reported to public health agencies, and to mobilize a rapid response, thereby reducing morbidity and mortality.” (Henning, 2004, p. 7) Syndromic surveillance systems show anticipated disease outbreaks or possible bioterroism attacks. This information can be useful to the public and doctors and nurses alike. The information that can be provided can allow an individual to make a better educated decision to better prepare for possible future events and can give healthcare providers a head start on being ready for such events if they should occur. Preparedness in public health means more timely detection of potential health threats, situational awareness, surveillance, outbreak management, countermeasures, response, and communications. Surveillance uses health-related data that signal a sufficient probability of a case or an outbreak that warrants further public health response. (Mastrian & McGonigle, 2012, p. 371) The ethical and legal challenges’ that may occur with this topic involves HIPPA. The conditions under which data can be shared must be clarified. Finding a balance between privacy and confidentiality is a must. Agencies run into road blocks when it comes to determining what information can be shared. The confusion lies in what is considered individually identifiable health information. The rule is
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