Tension Headache Research Paper

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Tension headache
Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society defines a tension headache as pain that is bilateral, pressing, or tightening in quality and non-pulsating, of mild or moderate intensity, which does not worsen with routine physical activity (such as walking or climbing stairs); and without moderate/severe nausea or vomiting.27 Tension headache was found linked to neck muscle weakness. Patients with tension-type headache have a relatively weak neck extension which results in a reduced ratio between extension and flexion.28 Also, patients have active trigger points in Trapezius muscle resulting in neck pain. 29
Cervical radiculopathy (disc herniation)
Cervical radiculopathy is a disease process cause by
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The first symptoms of AS usually appear in late adolescence or early adulthood. The initial symptom includes a dull pain presenting as back pain or stiffness. Neck pain is seen in advanced disease. There will be loss of spinal mobility with restriction of ROM. The most serious complication of AS is spinal fracture. Even minor trauma can cause severe damage. The cervical spine is the most susceptible fracture; which can result in quadriplegia. 37
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome. The most common manifestations of fibromyalgia are pain which is widely spread, muscle tenderness, altered sleep, fatigue and depressed mood. It affects 2-7% of the general population and predominantly affects females. Psychosocial factors contribute to the development and maintenance of fibromyalgia and these patients perceives factors like emotional stress and mental stress as most relevant for worsening their symptoms. Neck pain is a common presenting complaint of these patients with the involvement of Trapezius muscle spasm and tenderness.
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