The Centers For Disease Control And Prevention

1783 WordsNov 20, 20148 Pages
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports, the cause of death to be roughly 720,000 citizens in the United States die from cardiovascular disease each year (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014.) Deaths’ relating to cardiovascular disease have slightly dropped annually since the 1980’s. Coronary artery disease is the most prevalent type of cardiovascular disease in the U.S. and it kills around 400,000 Americans annually (Murphy, Xu, Kochanek, 2013.) Statistics like these are astounding and suggest the seriousness of this epidemic we are dealing with. Determinants of one’s health are vast but vary based on each individual. Coronary artery disease (CAD) affects all races and ethnicities worldwide. In 2008, data related to the prevalence of coronary artery disease among each race was demonstrated by the percentage of deaths caused by cardiovascular disease. The highest percentage(s) reported was of Caucasians with 25.1% and 24.4% in African Americans. Among Asians and Pacific Islanders, 23.2% of deaths were related to heart disease, and 20.7% of all deaths among Hispanics. The lowest in the racial/ethnic group was between American Indians and Alaska Natives sitting at 17.9% deaths per year (Heron, 2012.) Examination into the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and treatments relating to coronary heart disease will be further assessed. Pathophysiology of Coronary Artery Disease Coronary artery disease (CAD) is defined as: a disorder of the
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