The Complex Nature Of Diabetes And Its Effects On The Human Body

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Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a serious, chronic disease which affects one out of every eleven people in the United States. Diabetes Mellitus, also known as Diabetes, is a complex endocrine disease dealing with excessive glucose in the blood. The disease process lies within the body’s metabolic state in which the body metabolizes carbohydrates, proteins, and fats leading to either defective insulin production or insufficient amounts of insulin. Diabetes has several pathogeneses, signs and symptoms, risk factors, complications, treatment goals and teaching practices. In this paper, I will discuss the complex nature of Diabetes and its effects on the human body. The complex nature of Diabetes and its classification types can be better…show more content…
The hallmark symptoms of DM are polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia with fatigue and an increase susceptibilty to infections noted as a sign. The differences in Type 1 and Type 2 markers is that Type 2 lists: obesity, and gradual onset of the disease process as a sign marker while weight loss with a rapid onset is indicative of Type 1 sign. According to the American Diabetes Association, diagnostic tests used to confirm Type 1 and Type 2 are: Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥ 126 mg/dl, Two-hour Plasma Glucose (PG) ≥200 mg/dl, Random plasma glucose ≥200 mg/dl, Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test ≥ 6.5% repeated twice (2014). Once diagnosis of type of DM is confirmed, the treatment plan for Type 1 and Type 2 can planned mapped where Type 2 is a combination of insulin, diet, exercise with daily blood sugar monitoring to avoid further excaltions of hyperglycemia such as Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketolic Coma (HHNKA) as oppposed to Type 1 where the treatment is insulin injections and daily blood sugar monitoring to avoid worsening of the conditions. Since Diabetes is contingent on signs and symptoms of the disease, the following symptomology and sign markers are important to detect and notate. All scholarly journals notate that Type 1 and Type 2 DM develop due to a high concentration of glucose in the bloodstream (hyperglycemia) and that insulin, the hormone, controls the level of glucose in the
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