The Correlational Direction Between Optimism And Pwb Essay

1396 WordsOct 3, 20166 Pages
This literature review set out to discover the correlational direction between Optimism and PWB. Optimism is defined as, a general expectancy that the future holds more positive than negative events (Scheier & Carver, 1985; Scheier, Carver & Bridges, 1994). Psychological well-being is conceptualised as the subjective quality of one’s life (Schweizer, Beck-Seyffer & Schneider, 1999), it comprises of six core concepts: Self-acceptance; Positive relations with others; Autonomy; Environmental mastery; Purpose in life and Personal growth (Ryff, 1989). PWB is a concept worthy of study as previous literature has linked it to eudemonic happiness and optimal living (Ryff & Singer, 2008), as well as lower mortality in both healthy and disease populations (Chida & Steptoe, 2008) and lower risk of cardiovascular disease in elderly women (Ryff, Singer & Love, 2004). Previous research has linked to Optimism to PWB in multiple domains (Scheier & Carver, 1992; Scheier, Carver & Bridges, 2001) in both health related and non-health related populations. This review will evaluate relevant literature describing a link between Optimism and PWB in cancer, university and workplace populations. The effectiveness of an Optimism intervention and its potential application in a clinical setting will also be discussed. Cancer patients are a unique population that suffer immense life challenges, therefore research to improve PWB in this area is a worthy pursuit. Previous research done by Pinquart,
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